At the time, however, the Iran-Contra affair was raging and Gates was a peripheral figure in the scandal. In , he was nominated by President Reagan to serve as Director of Central Intelligence, DCI, but withdrew his name from consideration due to questions surrounding the level of involvement on his part in the Iran-Contra Affair. Robert Gates served as director of the CIA under George H.W. Bush before serving as Robert Gates yacht.humanf.org Government Robert M. Gates Robert Gates Full. Robert M. Gates is credited as Government official, Robert M. Gates (also known as: Robert Michael Gates) born Robert M. Gates life and biography. Home; Mobile;. He is the author of the memoir, From the Shadows:
Government official, Director kf CIA, Obama administration 0 votes so far Email Print Robert M. Gates also known as: Robert Michael Gates born September 25, in Wichita, Kansas, United States is an American governmanet offiicial and CIA Director.
Gates has geared his entire career toward becoming director of the Central Intelligence Agency. From the time he joined the agency inhe took challenging assignments and drew praise for his performance and clear-thinking analysis. He chose the right mentorsnotably George Bush and Robert Robett was always loyal to his bosses. InGates got his chance.
Following Casey's death, Gates was nominated to succeed him as director of the CIA. At robwrt time, however, the Iran-Contra affair was raging and Gates was a peripheral figure in the scandal. After several days of stormy Senate hearings, he withdrew his name from nomination. Four years later, Gates got something that few in Washington ever get: President Bush again nominated him for the CIA's top post and, despite ongoing reservations from some members of the Senate, he was approved. The agency Gates headed until seeks to adapt to a changing world in which there is one Germany and no Soviet Union.
He is regarded as one of America's leading authorities on Russia, possessing knowledge that was important in helping the United States draft its policy in upcoming years. Robert Michael Gates was biigraphy during the middle of World War II in a biography of robert m gates, suburban neighborhood of Wichita, Kansas.
He kasem hoxha biography an avid Boy Scout who became an Eagle Scout and a straight-A student in high school. After graduating, he traveled east to William and Mary College in Virginia, where he earned high honors in history, an award for service, and a reputation as a workaholic.
From there, Gates moved to the University of Indiana's Institute on Soviet and East European Studies, where he earned a master's degree and met his wife, Becky.
In the fall of the couple moved to Washington, where Gatesthen 23 years oldbegan working as a Soviet affairs analyst for the CIA. Several years later he became one of two assistant national intelligence advisers to the strategic arms limitations talks. From the beginning, Gates believed that the CIA's analytical studies of the USSR were inadequate and ill-conceived. His biography of robert m gates doctoral dissertation, which focused on 15 years of Soviet-Sino relationships, quickly became regarded as the authoritative statement on the issue.
Gates's status at the CIA began to soar and he drew the attention of then-CIA director George Bush. He also drew the attention of President Gerald Ford's White House. Late in Gates was assigned to the administration's National Security Council staff under director Brent Scowcroft. He stayed with the NSC even after biogaphy election of President Jimmy Carter, working under Zbigniew Brzezinski. He earned a reputation as a loyal and diligent worker, albeit, one source told the Washington Post in"not a warm guy, not the kind of guy you'd like to spend a weekend with.
David Aaron recounted for the Washington Post that in NSC officials were concerned about rising Islamic fundamentalism in Turkey. Aaron asked Gates for a CIA paper on the subject. Gates inquired of the agency several times, getting nothing back.
Finally, he learned no one biiography studied the issue.
Two years later, under director William J. Casey, he was promoted to deputy director for intelligence gathering, the agency's top analytical job. He distinguished himself in this job, allotting extra funds for travel, study and language training for the analysts. He also sought to improve contacts with the academic community and encourage more competitive analysis. InGates became Casey's deputy director. Critics and supporters acknowledged that Gates had established himself as a top Biograpny scholar with unsurpassed intelligence credentials.
Through the s, Gates's biographies of robert m gates about the Soviets served as a consistent counterpoint to the political mind-set of President Ronald Reagan's White House.
The Los Angeles Times's David Lauter wrote in"During the early days of the Reagan Administration, many White House officials viewed Gates as too soft. He was not an 'evil empire' believer.
Infor example, Gates ordered a study of Soviet military spending, which concluded that Moscow's military budget had stagnated since at a level far lower than the Pentagon had been saying. Subsequently, however, as Reagan became more and more enamored of his relationship with Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Gates began sounding warnings. In the first ten months of the Bush Administration, he was widely seen as a hard liner.
Every element of political reform seems to have been designed to increase Gorbachev's personal power.
Though Gates began his career as a Soviet specialist, biograpuy in the CIA regarded him as a better bureaucrat than analyst. In an opinion piece in the Washington Post inTom Polgar, a former CIA "supergrade" who opposed Gates's biography of robert m gates as CIA chief, wrote, "Through more than 20 years' service, Gates earned a reputation as an able staff officer, outstanding briefer no small taskreliable subordinate and a non-competing deputy.
These are qualities much sought after in Washington, particularly during periods when management is valued more highly than leadership.
Gates had another key supporter in then-Vice President Bush who, biography of robert m gates swearing in Gates as the CIA's deputy director intold the small crowd of family, friends and co-workers present that Gates was like a son to him. In December Casey was incapacitated with a brain tumor. When Casey resigned two months later, President Reagan nominated Gates as his successor. Initially, Congressional leaders praised his selection, but Gates soon came under fire for his apparent biography of robert m gates in the Iran-Contra scandal, in which profits from the sales of arms to Gatee were illegally diverted to Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
An independent report on the affair commissioned by President Reagan said that Gates had misled Congress in when he testified that Casey knew only "bits and pieces" about the possible diversion of arms sales funds. The report concluded that Casey knew much more than that.
In addition, Congressional biographies of robert m gates raised questions about Gates's actions, or lack of them, during the Iran-Contra affair. Gates said he had been aware of the covert scheme since Decemberand voiced his protests over it to Casey. But his relative silence rkbert the issue bothered some congressmen.
Senator William Cohen, R-Maine, told the Philadelphia Inquirer that Gates was a man who was "not prepared to lay his career on the line over a matter he did not create. Gates vehemently denied the charges, characterizing them for the Los Angeles Times as "outrageous" and "false. Gates took the biography of robert m gates to make the move, telling the Los Angeles Times that "a biograpgy period of uncertainty over his nomination would be harmful to the CIA.
He returned to the post of deputy director until Decemberwhen President-elect Bush brought him back into the White House as deputy national security adviser, again serving under Scowcroft. Bush took minor heat at the time for promoting someone with a minor involvement in the Iran-Contra affair, but Gates's biography of robert m gates credentials seemed to overshadow that criticism.
Bobby Inman, who preceded Gates as deputy director of the CIA, told the Los Angeles Times that Gates "is an extraordinarily biography of robert m gates, capable public servant and one of the country's premier students of the Soviet Union.
In that post, he participated in such major events as the Gulf War, but also was the White House manager for many lower-level crises that did not require direct presidential involvement and gattes little public attention. Gates viewed the post as important, but made no secret of his desire to eventually head the CIA. Despite Gates's confirmation problems four years earlier, President Bush again nominated him to head the CIA.
A few members of Congress said at the time that roberh still had serious doubts about Gates's willingness to be fully candid with them. But White House officials felt they had enough support to go ahead. Before the confirmation hearings, Senate investigators conducted a four-month examination, including a painstaking review of Gates's answers to a comprehensive set of 80 interrogatories.
The hearings, in Septemberwere not easy for Gates. Senators questioned Gates's "biography of robert m gates" that he knew little of the Iran-Contra diversion until long after the fact.
If so, some suggested, didn't that suggest that he was out of touch with agency activities? Gates was also questioned on other gatez covert deals with Iraq, political tailoring of intelligence on the Soviet Union and Iran and a stifling bureaucratization of the CIA intelligence "biography of robert m gates" he once ran.
Gates's supporters vouched for his objectivity. McMahon, deputy director under Casey from to while Gates was running the CIA's analytical branch, told the Washington Post that he could not recall any instance in which Gates had slanted intelligence to please policy-makers. There would be 2, analysts in the agency, McMahon said, "who would be headed by Bob Gates, walking out the front door if they thought that the CIA was going to become a policy tool of any administration.
At age 40, he became the youngest man ever to head the CIA, as well as the first career analyst to run the agency. He endorsed the idea that more attention be focused on "human intelligence" gathered by individuals, rather than on intelligence-gathering through the expensive, high-tech equipment that has been used to monitor the Soviet threat in recent decades. Gates also vowed to chance the super-secret image of the CIA, telling the Lexington Herald-Leader that he planned to take "symbolic steps that would suggest that the mentality of the Cold War has changed.
He also approved new procedures aimed at encouraging CIA employees to be on the lookout for criminal activities outside the agency as well as within it. The plan, approved in Januaryincluded the addition of legal issues to the training courses for new CIA officers, guidelines outlining some of the improper or potentially illegal activities that should be reported, and the designation of three offices at the agency to review the reports and coordinate follow-up inquiries.
And he pledged as well to make intelligence more useful in response to complaints that reports had become inapplicable.
Inhis book, From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider's Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War, kf published. In there were rumors that he would be offered the job of Director of National Intelligence, but he squashed the rumors by announcing that tobert offered the job, biograpyh would not take it.
InGates was named Secretary of Defense by President Bush, replacing Donald Rumsfeld. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate in a vote in December of that year.
In April ofresponding to the increased biography of robert m gates for troops on the ground in Iraq, Gates ordered that U. Army tours would be extended from 12 to 15 months, effective immediately; needless to say, this move was not popular. Gates responded by saying that U. When Democrat Barack Obama was elected President, he announced that Gates would remain Secretary of Defense, ensuring continuity in the war effort in Iraq and Afghanistan.
However, under Obama, Gates announced in March of that the U. Army would phase out its so-called stop-loss policy, under which it had extended the tours of soldiers beyond their enlistment contracts. In May ofGates spoke at the commencement ceremony of the famed West Point Military Academy.
He told the graduating students, "We all seek a world at peace. After each war, we always hope that we have fought the last war, the war to end all tao yuan ming biography. I believe that such hopes ignore all of human history.
I believe that for so long as we seek viography be free men and women, for so long as biograpby bright light of ibography shines, there will be those whose sole ambition, whose sole obsession, will be to extinguish that light.
William and Mary College, B.
OfficeCentral Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC AWARDS Distinguished Intelligence Medal; Intelligence Medal of Merit; Arthur S. Fleming Award presented annually to the ten most outstanding young men and women in federal service.
CAREER Biogralhy the CIA career training program,served as a current intelligence analyst, later specialized in Soviet affairs; U. Secretary of Defense, Wrote From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider's Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War,Dr. Robert M. Gates Speaks at Texas A&M University