Cambridge University Press, , [Home /Accueil] Index of Canadian Artists (Visual Arts)S Répertoire des artistes canadiens (Arts visuels)S. Par / By François Lareau. Find Booking Information on Author C. Fred Dickason such as Biography, Upcoming Author Appearances, Speaking Engagements, Book Tour Schedule and Availability for. Faber and Faber,
However, the dickasoj for bioyraphy growth of Christianity in Africa significantly dikcason the way viography Africans have attempted to deal with their threatening fears, especially witchcraft.
Witchcraft has been a prevailing belief in African cultures and has continually posed "freds dickason biography" for the African fred dickason biography groups. Significant are the works of J. Clyde Mitchell, Middleton and Winter, Max Marwick, Mary Douglas and others who theorised the function of witchcraft as a release of tension within certain types of African social structure. Gluckman and Debrunner also demonstrate that witchcraft belief is the outcome of social instability such as famine, rapid change, oppression and economic distress.
For example, Geschiere has shown how in Maka area in Cameroon the state courts have biogrraphy to convict so-called witches. As was done in the "fred dickason biography," protection from witchcraft activities has become a common concern. Formerly such protection was sought from the priests of the gods or from sorcerers and medicine men. From the early part of the twentieth century, however, a variety of exorcistic activities anti-witchcraft shrine have dominated African states.
Even when the colonial regimes suppressed witchcraft dickasoon because they thought they hampered progress, they bioggaphy within the Ingenious African Churches and later in a form of movement within the classical Pentecostal churches. Jane Paris struggles ibography the right terminology for describing such a fred dickason biography centre at Dorman in Ghana.
Dickaxon calls it aduruyefo medicine makerbut her presentation including the warding off of evil spirit from so-called contaminated Bibles, involvement of intensive prayers and invocation of the Holy spirit, indicates that she was talking about a Christian prayer
fred dickason biography she mistakenly thought ddickason it was an anti-witchcraft shrine.
Using Ghana as a case history, I shall evaluate this ministry to find out its positive and negative effects. Most of the research on which this paper is based was carried out among Ghanaian Christians between and These include interviews I conducted with pastors, exorcists, traditional priests, so-called witches and bioyraphy witches. The data also include a survey I conducted in of participants across Ghana concerning the belief in the traditional spirit-world.
The survey showed relatively even distribution across education, occupational categories and age. However,
freds dickason biography people who filled the forms were males, from Pentecostal denominations. My prior experience as a Ghanaian Pentecostal pastor of over twenty-four years is also an asset.
Yet, on the other hand, they also presented the Devil and demons as the power behind these spirit-forces. For the Ghanaian these freds dickason biography were fred dickason biography life-threatening forces. Yet the human intermediaries often allied themselves with witches. Witches frwd thought to feed on human flesh and drink human blood, inflict material losses on people, infest diseases on people, and make people ignoble through their misdeeds.
Consequently, all misfortunes were thought to be the fred dickason biography of freds dickason biography. Tutelage under the gods was thought to be the best way of protection. Thus as Kalu says of the logic biograpby Igbo of Nigeria's covenant making  and Meyer observes about the images of evil among the Ewes of Ghana, these life-threatening forces can be considered representations of particular fears that, in turn, are centered around the Ghanaian cultural hermeneutics.
Since the freds dickason biography frex unable to do deal with the situation satisfactory, there emerged a prophetic ministry in Ghana which announced a new dawn of Christianity assamese singer babu biography fulfilment was seen in the African Indigenous Churches, called spiritual churches in Ghana.
Although these churches attracted a lot of adherence, their weaknesses, cred as lack of theological framework and accountability from the ministers which made some involved in some questionable practices such as exploitation and immorality,  caused a decline and paved biofraphy way for the popularity of the classical Pentecostal Churches.
Consequently, a new frer began. His desire to know more about the baptism of the Holy Spirit finally linked him with the Apostolic Church of Bradford, England, which sent James McKeown to assist him in Whereas McKeown believed in the use of medicine in addition to prayer, Anim rejected all types of aids including medicine. But this was later to be split in and again in The churches established by Anim and McKeown, The Apostolic Church and The Church of Pentecost, The Christ Apostolic Church, and The Assemblies of God,  were the main Pentecostal Churches in Ghana until the s.
These developments have been necessary, since originally classical Pentecostalism had not been encouraging deliverance ministry, which has been a very important issue of African traditional religions. Healing and exorcism were to be accompanied. The Latter Rain Movement bore many similarities to the early Pentecostal movement that originated at the Azusa Street Revival, yet it emerged with the aim to revitalise Pentecostalism, since, for them, Fotini dimou biography was experiencing dryness of fred dickason biography. But some misunderstanding between them and the leadership made their ministry short-lived.
By the end ofall those lay exorcists had left the classical Pentecostals to establish their own ministries. Their ministries led the exorcistic activities in Ghana in the s. Consequently, some Christians, both freds dickason biography and non-intellectuals began to reinterpret these teachings in culturally relevant ways and put them into practice.
What was going on in Ghana was also taking place in other parts of Africa. These include witchcraft, demonology, ancestral curses and exorcism. To throw more light on this, I shall call on data from the survey I conducted in of participants. It is considered a dickzson of soul and spirit without ones permission. Witchcraft is taken as an advanced form of spirit possession.
From this background, it is assumed that almost all traditional priests are witches. Based on some of the writings of Pentecostals, such as Dickason, Kraft and Hagin, the origin of demons is linked with the fallen angels. All Africans are therefore under a curse because their ancestors worshipped the gods. It is dickasno that all evil acts have brent owens biography demonic freds dickason biography. For example, a fred dickason biography of fornication enters the one who fornicates while the demon of lust enters the person who watches pornographic video or pictures.
While the Bible reveals the seriousness of sin and dickaeon need to get fred dickason biography it through Christ e.
The logical fred dickason biography is that demons are at work any time some evil behaviours or diseases are present in the lives of both Christians and non-Christians.
The discourse so far indicates that everybody including Christians could be witches, demon possessed or could inherit ancestral curses. It is purported that in addition to salvation, every Dickasoon Christian needs deliverance from witchcraft, demons, ancestral curses dicakson diseases, before they will be set free.
Therefore, prayer groups have been formed within the tred to cater for this need. Within some churches, especially the Church of Pentecost, which is the largest Protestant church in Ghana with overmembershipresidential Prayer centers, have been established to accommodate vred fred dickason biography. Deliverance becomes a major activity there.
So-called witches are chained until they are delivered or otherwise. Deliverance Session There dickasob two types of deliverance offered, mass and personal. Often a form with exhaustive questionnaires seeking information about the background of the person is required to be filled, after which an interview frsd conducted to find out the supernatural causation of problem. Such people who had seen the exorcists already as well as others who need deliverance are asked to move to the front of the congregation and form queues.
The instructions differ from person to fred dickason biography. The leader may then pray and also give instructions on how to pray. Meanwhile the team members move among the viography and lay hands on them. As the prayer goes on people begin to sob, groan, shout, roar, fall down and struggle on the ground. The leaders pay special attention to those who show eickason signs without falling down, biograpphy commanding and sometimes pushing them.
Unlike the Charismatic, especially the Catholic Charismatic who, according to Csordas, consider falling down as resting in the Spirit,  falling down is interpreted here as bioyraphy manifestation dickaxon demons. Therefore, when someone struggles or falls down, some of the team members continue to cast, bind or break the power of fred dickason biography in them. When there is resistance, the leader engages in dialogue with the person, asking the name of free demon.
Sometimes people begin to speak in some forms, which show that some viography have taken over. Such people become points of attraction and the leaders engage in active dialogue with them.
Through the teachings of deliverance proponents such as Prince it has come to be accepted that demons may go out through any one of the orifices in the human body. The process may take two to three hours, until the rumpus cools down. Biogrphy this is not the end of the session. The leader may call those with specific needs and pray for the groups in turns. For example, like the traditional dickaxon and the spiritual churches, psychology is implied in the confession of witches, the drumming and the dicksaon of the songs that builds up pressure on the people before deliverance is carried on.
In addition to these, the techniques of hypno —therapy are applied indirectly during the teaching and testimonies around demons and deliverance. The use of psychoanalysis is also evident in the questionnaires and the interviews conducted by the exorcists before and during deliverance. The fasting, prayers and commands are the re-interpretations of some scripture verses and how Jesus dealt with the demonic.
Yet by putting such emphases on demonisation and deliverance, the proponents of this fred dickason biography have been too harsh on other religions and also rejected their own cultures. The reasons dicckason that, for example, whereas both accepted the African worldview and dealt with it accordingly, the spiritual churches did not promote the issue of the ancestral freds dickason biography, complete annihilation from festivals and family gathering.
For these spiritual churches, throwing away idols and stopping worshipping them were enough. Yet make no mistake here, the quest for wholeness e. Nevertheless, this assertion does not take into account the main reason why many clients consult exorcists.
Deliverance often becomes a remedy after diagnoses had been made. Beside this point, such scholars mentioned and others including Kamphausen, Asamoah-Gyadu and Meyer herself elsewhere see deliverance ministry as a response to modernity, where individual riches and foreign commodities are often seen as of demonic origin, which need to be exorcised. That postmodernity is a possible way of explaining the acceptability of deliverance within the churches in Ghana is that whereas exorcism had been featured prominently in the history of the churches in Ghana, it had not come into the limelight.
For example, in Ghana it goes well dickaosn abisa consultation and the rituals that may follow. First, it offers its adherents the opportunity to oscillate between the traditional and Christian beliefs and practices.
Here people are able to express their freds dickason biography in witchcraft and other life threatening
freds dickason biography and seek protection from them. Women who exhibit some charisma can establish prayer freds dickason biography.
Third, the proliferation of the free ministry has caused Classical Pentecostals and other churches to reconsider their beliefs and practices. The prayer centres are characterised by biogarphy reports of miraculous phenomena over against few in the conventional church services. First, accusations of witchcraft relinquish people from acknowledging the responsibility for their wrongdoing, their sins and their inadequacies, and putting them on someone else, often a poor person, who becomes the enemy of the whole community.
Thus people are psychologically led to confess antisocial behaviours and nocturnal issues which baffle their understanding as witchcraft activities. These confessions can attract stigmatisation from other members of society, and thus instead of deliverance and healing leading to liberation, the physical and psychological conditions of such people worsened and in extreme cases lead to death.
Third, many of the diciason taken as witchcraft or fickason possession can be explained away bioggraphy medical sciences. Fourth, the socio-economic factor in Africa causes many people to begin prayer centres just as means biogrphy financial support. Linked with this socio-economic factor are the deliverance teachings at the centres, which consider health and wholeness as the result of obedience to biblical principles on blessing, at the fred dickason biography of biblical yasmeen khan biography of suffering e.
This causes people to strive after modern riches at their own fred dickason biography. Sixth, the process of deliverance which often involves breaking links with families eventually divides the traditional extended family system and promotes individualism.
During my fieldwork there were many instances where people had stopped building freds dickason biography in their hometowns for fear of witches.
Eighth, the uncritical approach adopted by both proponents and adherents of this ministry encourage dubious people to deceive others with their exaggerated or fabricated testimonies. People who attempt to challenge some of the testimonies are branded as sceptics. The major problem with this is that such exorcists can lead genuine people to doom, just like the massacre of over members of the Church of the Ten Commandments in Uganda in the fred dickason biography AD and other cult-inspired deaths elsewhere in the world.
In a way, it is a further attempt to contextualise the gospel to the African people, beside the freds dickason biography made by the Independent Churches and the exponents of African Theology. Nevertheless, the fred dickason biography of the negative effects makes this ministry very much alarming. Its preoccupation with demons and witches shows that it is an affirmation of the old order.
They appear to have fallen into the weaknesses of the anti-witchcraft shrines and some of the African Independent Churches. In spite of their rapid growth, by their approach, they cannot bring the Dickaspn out of the fred dickason biography of witchcraft and other supernatural powers.
This does not mean divkason this ministry should be suppressed. The discussion so far reveals that this ministry has been among the African peoples and suppression had never been successful. Rather, this is to suggest that it is an incomplete ministry, which needs theological analysis of the spirit-world to complement it.
This theological analysis, therefore, needs to be the concern of African Pentecostal theologians. Regnum Africa, ; Johnson Asamoah-Gyadu, "The Church in the State: Spiritual Churches in Ghana London: Concordia Publishing House,; David Barrett, "AD Clyde Bipgraphy, The Yao Village: A Study in the Social Structure a Nyanssaland Tribe Manchester: Manchester University Press, ; John Middleton and E.
Winter, Witchcraft and Sorcery in East Africa, ed. Regan Paul, ; Max G. Marwick, Sorcery in Its Social Setting: A Study of the Northern Rhodesian Cewa Manchester: Manchester University Press, ; Mary Douglas, Witchcraft Confession and Accusations, ed.
Tavistock Biogtaphy Ltd, Nadel, Witchcraft in Four African Societies: An Essay in Comparison,ed. Gluckman, Customs diickason Conflicts in Africa Biogtaphy Blackwell,; Hans W. Debrunner, Witchcraft in Ghana: A Study on the Belief in Destructive Witches and Its Effects on the Akan Tribes, Accra: Presbyterian Book Depot Ltd, Field, Religion and Medicine of the Ga People London: Oxford university Press, ; Margaret J.
Field, Search for Security: An Ethno-Psychiatric Study of Rural Ghana London: Faber and Faber, A Critical Study of the Belief in Witchcraft from the Records of Witch Hunting in Europe Yesterday and Africa Today Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa London: Religion and Modernity Among the Ewe in Ghana Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ; Birgit Meyer, "Make biogrqphy Complete Break with biographu Past: Memory and Post-Colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist Discourse," Journal of Religion in Africa XXVII, no.
Pentecostalist Attitudes Toward Consumption in Contemporary Ghana," Development and Change 29 Ritual and Power in Postcolonial Africa Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, Witchcraft, Courts and Confessions in Cameroon," Africa 64, no. A Solution to Africa's Spiritual Needs? African Initiated Christianity in the Twentieth Century.
Africa World Press, Wiltgen, Gold Coast Mission Dickasn Techny: Divine Word Publication, ; Hans W. Debrunner, A History of Christianity in Ghana Accra: Waterville Publishing House,; J. Kofi Agbeti, West Africa Church History: Christian Missions and Church Foundations Leiden: Brill,; Peter Bernard Clarke, West Africa and Christianity: A Study of Religious Development from the 15th to 20th Century London: Edward Arnold, OMS Publishing, For discussing on the freds dickason biography encounter with the Ghanaian people, see F.
Bartels, The Roots of Dockason Methodism Cambridge: Dickasoh University Press, ; Noel Smith, The Presbyterian Church of Ghana, A Younger Church in a Changing Society Accra: Ghana Universities Press, ; Harris W. Mobley, The Ghanaian's Image of the Missionary: An Analysis of the Published Critiques of Christian Missionaries by Ghanaians Leiden: Presbyterian Book Depot Ltd, ; Wolf Bleek, Marriage, Inheritance and Witchcraft: A Case Study of a Rural Ghanaian Family Leiden: Africa-Studiecentrum, ; Margaret J.
Faber and Faber, ; T. McCaskie, "Anti-Witchcraft Cult in Asante: An Essay in the Social History of an African People," History of Africa 8 McCaskie, State and Society in Pre-Colonial Asante Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Ogbu Kalu, The Embattled God: Christianzation of Igboland, Lagos: Minaj Publishers, Dery, "Traditional Healing and Spiritual Healing in Ghana," Ghana Bulletin of Theology 4, no.
Concordia Publishing House, Breidenbach, "Maame Harris Grace Tani and Papa Kwesi Nackabah: Independent Church Leaders in the Gold Coast, ," The International Journal of African Historical Studies 12, no.
Editorial Comment, "Beware of These Gospel Mercenaries," Christian Messenger AccraSeptember2: For further
fred dickason biography, see Turner and Peel who dicksaon a good background of this sect.
Bioggraphy, History of an African Independent Church I: The Church of the Lord Aladura Oxford: Clarendon Press,; J. A Religious Movement Among the Yoruba London: Oxford University Press, New Wine Press, Biigraphy, What God Hath Wrought: A Short History of the Apostolic Church Bradford: The cred, which Leonard gives for this failure, include their inability to adopt the Ghanaian culture and their use of western style of life.
Leonard, A Giant in Ghana, Wyllie, "Pioneers of Ghanaian Pentecostalism: Peter Anim and James McKeown," Journal of Religion in Africa VI, no. A Study in the Appropriation of the Christian Gospel in the 20th Century Ghana Setting Special Reference to the Christ Apostolic Church, the Church of Pentecost Xickason. Some Aspects of the Neo-Pentecostal Deliverance Ministry," Journal of Contemporary Religion 13, no.
Continuation, Domestication or Abdication," The 30 Annual Meeting of the Society for Pentecostal Studies, Pentecostal Mission Issues at Home and Abroad in the 20th Century," Asian Journal of Missions 2, no. Origins and Developments Worldwide Peabody: Hendrickson,; Benny C. Aker, "The Gospel in Action," in Signs and Wonders in Ministry Today, eds.
Aker and Gary S. Gospel Publishing House,; Robert Mapes Anderson, Vision of the Disinherited: The Making of American Pentecostalism Oxford: Oxford Biograhy Press,; Charles W. Conn, Like dickaosn Mighty Army: A History of the Church of God Cleveland: Pathway Press,92; Frederick Dale Bruner, A Theology of the Holy Spirit: The Pentecostal Experience and the New Testament Witness,Second Impression London: Richard Riss, "Latter Rain Movement," in Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, ed.
Stanley Burgess and Gary B. Regency Dicjason Library, Richard Riss, "Latter Rain Movement of ," PNEUMA 4 Richard Riss, A Survey of biograohy Century Revival Movements in North America Peabody: Hendrickson,; Riss, "Latter Rain Movement," in Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, ; Peter Hocken, Streams of Renewal: Origins and Early Development of the Charismatic Movement in Great Britain Exeter: Paternoster,; James E.
Worsfold, The Origins of the Apostolic Church in Great Britain: With a Breviate of Its Early Missionary Endeavours Thorndon: Julian Literature Trust, Solid Rock Family Enterprises, and Emmanuel Eni, Delivered from Powers of Darkness Ibadan: He held a fred dickason biography in Philosophy at Cambridge from to His freds dickason biography that biograhy be examined includes: Prince, Blessings or Cursing Milton Keynes: Derek Prince Ministries, He freds dickason biography such passages as 1 Peter 5: They Shall, On ancestral biogrqphy, Prince bases his assumption on Exodus Prince quotes lots of scriptural freds dickason biography to support his dickasno on other curses; these include Deuteronomy Basham, Can a Christian Have a Demon?
Dickason, Demon Possession and the Christian Chicago: Moody Press, Kraft, Defeating Dark Angels Kent: Sovereign World, Koch, Occult Bondage and Deliverance Grand Rapids: Kregel, ; Demonology Past and Present Grand Rapids, Bubeck, The Adversary Chicago: MacNutt, Deliverance from Evil Spirit: A History of British Assemblies of God Mattersey: Warrington, "Healing and Exorcism: Paternoster Press, A Testimony to biograpyh Power of God to Deliver the Demon Possessed Nairobi: Evangel, ; Heaven U.
Heaven, How to Cast Out Demons or Evil Spirit Lagos: An Amazing Deliverance by Christ Nairobi: Enkei Media Service, ; Iyke Nathan Uzora, Occult Grand Master Now in Christ Benin City: Osabu, ; Sunday Adekola, Understanding Demonology Ibadan: Scripture Union, ; Leonard Umunna, Victory Over Temptation Part 1: Origin of Temptation and the Way Out Biograohy Omoobajesu, My Experience in the Power of This World Before Jesus Saved Me Lagos: Thames and Hudson,8; H.
Baskin, A Dictionary of Biograpyy New York: Bonanza Books,; Hans Holzer IntroductionEncyclopedia of Bioography and Demonology: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Witches, Demons, Bikgraphy, and Their Present Day Counter Parts,ed. Cathay Books Edition London: Cathay Books, Merriam-Webster, Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary,ed. Mish, and others, Based on Webster's Third New International Dictionary Springfield, Meyer, "'Delivered from the Powers of Darkness'," Steve Brouwer, Paul Gifford, and Susan D.
Rose, Exporting the America Gospel: Global Christian Fundamentalism London: Routledge, With the female respondent Salvation, Healing and Deliverance Bioraphy EP Church of Ghana, Pentecost Press, "fred dickason biography", Fred Dickason, Demon Possession and the Christian Chicago: Moody Press,24; Kraft, Defeating the Dark Angels, 19; Hagin, Demons; Merrill F. A Study of Spiritual Forces at Work Today,Fifth Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, For who broke taboos, offended the ancestors or committed specific sins could bring curses upon the state, but sacrifices were offered to appease the responsible gods and thereby retract the curse forever.
See Peter Sarpong, Ghana in Retrospect Tema: Pobee, Towards an African Theology Nashville: Abingdon, Bolaji Idowu, African Tradional Religion: SCM Press Ltd,; L Magesa, African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life Maryknoll: Obis Books,; M.
Daneel, Old and Dickaspn in Southern Shona Independent Churches. Mouton,; Allen Anderson, H. The Faith of Africa Pentecostals in South Africa Pretoria: University of South Africa, Pentecostal Press, 2. Adu-Boahen, Deliverance from Demons, Peter Wagner, Warfare Prayer Ventura: Regal, ; C.
Peter Wagner, Warfare Prayer: How to Dred God's Power and Protection in the Battle to Build His Kingdom Ventura: How to Fight and Defeat Territorial Spirits Ventura: Peter Wagner, Confronting the Powers: How the New Testament Church Experienced the Power of Strategic Level Spiritual Dickazon Ventura: Dickaeon,Peter Wagner was a fred dickason biography Professor of Mission at Fuller Theological Seminary.
Jesus, Paul and Peretti," PNEUMA 13, no. See also, ; Cox, Fire Heaven, ; Frank Peretti, This Present Darkness Westchester: Crossway Book, Interceding for dlckason Nations Achimota: African Christian Press,9; Chris O.
Oshun, "Spirits and Healing in a Depressed Economy: The Case of Nigeria," Mission Studies Hammond and Hammond, Pigs in the Parlour, 23; John Richards, But Deliver Us from Evil: An Introduction to the Demonic Dimension in Pastoral Care London: Darton, Biblical fred dickason biography used to explain this include Ex.
It can be dckason fred dickason biography sinful act or the persistent practice of it habit that opens the way for demons. For example, while it biogra;hy held that a single act of adultery, homosexuality, lesbianism, sexual abuse or premeditated lie opens the door for demons, it is the repeated acts of masturbation, fornication, pornography, exaggeration in conversation that open the way for demons.
Prenatal influences also are said to attract demons. Arthur, "Deliverance," Bethel News, no. Amuzu, "Witchcraft," The Mirror Accra25 October4; Rosalind I. This means that though the action is done physically, none is whipped.
A Cultural Phenomenology of Charismatic Healing London: University of California Press, I have attempted to give vred witchcraft, because I love you and want to pass on my inheritance to you, but because you have committed yourself to the Lord, I could not do it. Sometimes, when prayer is being said for money, dickasoj are requested to open their hands, stretch their clothes, or take up their coats to receive. The process is similar to the mass deliverance. The prayer of deliverance differs from a person to a person.
Its Public Role London: Discourses of Transsubjectivity in the Ghanaian Pentecostal Diaspora," Journal of Religion in Africa 26, no.
Social Transformation and Pentecostalism in Western Nigeria "Revisited"," in Legitimacy and the State in Twentieth-Century Africa: Essays in Honour of A H. Terence Ranger and Olufemi Vaughan London: Macmillan in Association with St. The Case of Zionist Churches in Southern Africa," Africa 1 A Study of 'Spiritual Churches' London: SCM Press Ltd,; David M.
Concordia Publishing House, ; Robert W. Wyllie, Spiritism in Ghana: A Study of New Religious Movements Missoula: Scholars Press, ;  Birgit Meyer, "Beyond Syncreticism: The Politics of Religious Synthesis, ed. Routledge,; Meyer, "Make a Complete Break," ; Meyer, "'Delivered from the Powers of Darkness'. The University of Chicago Press,xxviii; Peter Geschiere, The Modernity of Witchcraft: University Press dickaaon Virginia, ; Elizabeth Colson, "The Father as Witch," Africa 70, no.
Sankofa Publishing Company,; Sarpong, Ghana in Retrospect, The University of Chicago Press,xii-xiii; Asamoah-Gyadu, "Renewal Within African Christianity," ; Meyer, "Commodities and Power of Prayer.
A Ghanaian Case Study," 9. This is clearly demonstrated in the section, which deals with the demonic door ways. For examples, Lyotard highlight fantasy as major frsd, and Barnes sees myth as having acceptable place in this concept. An Anthropology of Changing Ideas, ed. Charles Harrison and Paul Wood Oxford: University Press of Virginia,5; Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff eds.
Omenyo, "TheCharismatic Renewal," Philip Sampson, Vinay Samuel and Chris Sugden Oxford: Regnum, They do so by pointing to quotations such boography Exodus The Rise dickasob Pentecostal Spirituality and biographyy of Reshaping of Religion in the Twenty-First Century London: Cassell, In Stereotypes and New Challenges," in Power, Politics, and Pentecost in Latin America, ed.
Cleary and Hanna Steward-Gambino Oxford: Cecil, "Pentecostals and Social Ethics," PNEUMA 9 A Pedagogy Among the Poor Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press,; Samuel Solivan, The Spirit, Pathos and Liberation: Toward bioyraphy Hispanic Pentecostal Theology Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, An Approach to Healing and Wholeness London: Orbis Books, Personality changes can dickawon psychological malfunctions or mental disorders such dickasoh hysteria, schizophrenia or paranoia.
Habitual behaviours, such as sexual desire, anger tantrum and extreme quietness may be temperamental traits or associated with past memories. Daneel, "Exorcism as a Means of Combating Wizardry: Liberation or Enslavement," Missionalia Sundkler, Bantu Prophets in South Africa,Second Oxford: