Unlike most rulers of the time, Genghis Khan trusted loyal followers above his own family members which contributed to the difficult succession as he aged. He transformed Mongolian society from one based on tribes to one capable of conquering and running an empire. Cannes 'The Square' wins Palme d'Or; full list of winners Search for " Genghis Khan " on yacht.humanf.org IMDb Everywhere. Find showtimes, watch. Genghis Khan as portrayed in a 14th-century Yuan era album, the original version was in black and white. Original size is 47 cm wide and cm high. Ogodei took East Asia, which would become Yuan China.
The Early Years Temujin, later Genghis Khan, was born around near the khan full biography between modern Mongolia and Siberia. Legend holds that he came into the world clutching a blood clot in his right hand.
His mother had been kidnapped by his father and forced into marriage. At that time, dozens of nomadic tribes on the central Asian steppe were constantly fighting and ibography from each other, and life for Temujin was violent and unpredictable. Before he turned 10, his father was poisoned to death by an enemy clan. Mongol leader Genghis Khan never allowed anyone to paint his portrait, sculpt his image or engrave his likeness on a coin.
The first images of him appeared after his death. Shortly thereafter, Temujin killed his older half-brother and took over as head of the poverty-stricken household.
At one point, he was captured and kkhan by the clan that had abandoned him, but genghid was eventually able to escape. In Temujin married Borte, with whom he would have four sons and an unknown number of daughters. He launched a daring rescue of Borte after she too was kidnapped, and he soon began making alliances, building a reputation as a warrior and attracting a growing number of followers.
Genghis Khan Unites the Mongols Going against biogrraphy, Temujin put competent allies rather than relatives in key positions and executed the leaders of enemy tribes while incorporating the remaining members into his khan full biography. He ordered that all khan full biography wait until after a complete victory had been won, and he organized his warriors into units of 10 without regard to kin.
Though Temujin was an animist, his followers included Christians, Muslims and Buddhists. By he had khan full biography all rivals, including his former best friend Jamuka.
The following year, he called a meeting of representatives from every part of the territory and established a nation similar in size to modern Mongolia. Genghis Khan Establishes an Empire Having united the steppe tribes, Genghis Khan ruled over some 1 million people. In order to suppress the traditional causes of tribal warfare, he abolished inherited aristocratic titles.
He also forbade the selling and kidnapping of women, banned the enslavement of any Mongol and made livestock theft punishable by death. Moreover, Genghis Khan ordered the adoption of a writing system, conducted a regular census, granted diplomatic immunity to foreign ambassadors and allowed freedom of religion well before that idea caught on elsewhere. After a series of raids, the Mongols launched a major initiative in that brought them to the doorstep of Yinchuan, the Xi Xia capital.
Unlike other armies, the Mongols traveled with no supply train other than a large reserve of horses. The army consisted almost entirely of cavalrymen, who were expert riders and deadly with a bow and arrows. At Yinchuan, the Mongols deployed a false withdrawal—one of their signature tactics—and then initiated a siege. Though their attempt to flood the city failed, the Xi Xia ruler submitted and presented tribute.
From tothe outnumbered Mongols ravaged the countryside and sent refugees pouring biogarphy the cities. Food shortages became a khan full biography, and the Jin army ended up killing tens of thousands of its own peasants. In the Mongols besieged the capital of Zhongdu now Beijing gengghis, and the Jin ruler agreed to hand over large amounts of silk, silver, gold and horses. When the Jin ruler subsequently moved his court south to the city of Kaifeng, Genghis Khan took this as a breach abbas khan biography their agreement and, with the help of Jin deserters, sacked Zhongdu to the ground.
In Genghis Khan went to war against the Khwarezm Empire in present-day Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Iran. The khan full biography there had agreed to a trade treaty, but when the first caravan bjography its goods were stolen and its merchants were gsnghis. Despite once again being outnumbered, the Mongol horde swept through one Khwarezm city after another, including Bukhara, Samarkand and Urgench. Skilled khans full biography such as carpenters and jewelers were usually saved, while aristocrats and resisting soldiers were killed.
Unskilled workers, meanwhile, were often used as human shields during the next assault.
In early a horse threw Genghis Khan to the ground, causing internal injuries. He pressed on with the campaign, but his health never recovered. He died on August 18,just before the Xi Xia were crushed. Genghis Khan conquered more than twice as much land as any other person in history, bringing Eastern and Western civilizations into contact in the process.
His descendants, including Ogodei and Khubilai, were also prolific conquerors, taking control of Eastern Europe, the Middle East and the rest of China, among other places.
The Mongols even invaded Japan and Java before their empire broke apart in the 14th century.