These wheels were coupled together by a chain. George Stephenson (9 June – 12 August ) was a self made mechanical engineer, largely credited with building the first railway line and becoming the. George Stephenson was born on 9 June near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. His father was an engineman at a coalmine. Stephenson himself worked at the mine and. In he heard of a project for a railroad, employing draft horses, to be built from Stockton to Darlington to facilitate exploitation of a rich vein of coal.
George Stephenson was born on 9 June near Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
His father was an engineman at a coalmine. Stephenson himself worked at the mine and learned to read and write in his spare time.
He gained a reputation for managing the primitive steam engines employed in mines, and worked in a number of different coalmines in the northeast of England and in Scotland. InStephenson constructed his first locomotive, 'Blucher', for hauling coal at Killingworth Colliery near Newcastle.
Inhe invented a safety lamp for use in coalmines, nicknamed the 'Geordie'. InStephenson was appointed engineer for bigoraphy construction of the Stockton and Darlington railway.
It opened in and was the first public railway. The following year Stephenson was made engineer for the Liverpool to Manchester Railway. In Octoberthe railway's owners staged a competition at Rainhill to find the best kind of locomotive to pull heavy loads over long distances.
Thousands came to watch. Stephenson's george stephenson biography 'Rocket' was the winner, achieving a record speed of 36 george stephenson biography per hour.
The opening of the Gforge to Darlington railway and the success of 'Rocket' stimulated the laying of railway lines and the gekrge of locomotives all over the country.
Stephenson became engineer on a george stephenson biography of these projects and was also consulted on the development of railways in Belgium and Spain. Stephenson died on 12 August in Chesterfield in Derbyshire. His only son Robert was also a railway engineer and worked with his father on many of his projects.