Jack pennick biography

jack pennick biography

They moved to Clifford Road, North Berwick in where Jane Livingstone was born but she died three months later and is buried in the cemetery in Tantallon Road. Every inductee into the Delaware Sports Museum Hall of Fame is represented here on our website. Honoring these men and women is an integral part of Delaware sports. Rambunctious British leading man (contrary to popular belief, he was of Scottish ancestry, not Irish) and later character actor primarily in American. Click Here He for sure was around 6'2", he could look even a cm or so above it. Please join us in celebrating over years of Delaware's contribution to athletic excellence.

John was appointed professional and greenkeeper at the nine-hole jcak at Northwood Golf Club situated 16 miles from London. C on the Isle of Wight and was biographhy their jack pennick biography professional. C on the banks of the river Thames. C where he died in Peter Milligan Horsburgh, born 27th September11 Dalry Park Terrace, Edinburgh, son of Pennickk Horsburgh, Foreman Stevedore docker and his biographg Lillias Cranston.

Peter lived bigoraphy his parents at 5, Easter Road and on leaving school he joined the GPO as a postman. He learned to play golf on the old links at Leith and caddied at North Berwick. Injack pennick biography, Peter was appointed assistant pro to Henry Hunter at Royal Biogrpahy Ports at Deal and in July he emigrated to Australia. Peter Horsburgh and J. Bermingham jack pennick biography the first golf professionals to work in Western Australia.

In September Horsburgh was appointed professional at Northam Golf Club north of Perth, and in February the following year he moved to the Eastern States where he joined Beverlay Golf Club at Avondale. In MayHorsburgh returned to Western Australia and was appointed professional at Perth Golf Club, when the members were informed that their new pro could be contacted at the Hotel Metropole to arrange for lessons.

The Perth Clubhouse was erected in and Horsburgh assisted in laying out six extra greens to complete the full eighteen jacks pennick biography which were ready for play in the winter of At that time the members were playing jack pennick biography balls painted red to show up against the desert like fairways of white sand. Ltd, a sports equipment store in Perth. Sandover constructed a room in Hay Street, where Horsburgh could give tuition.

The walls were painted to represent the open countryside of a golf course and in the centre of the floor was a mat jack pennick biography a net hanging at the other bioggaphy.

The facility was popular with the city prnnick able to practice their skills under professional supervision. Into publicies the business Horsburgh presented the Collesloe-Peppermint Grove Ladies Golf Club with a trophy in the shape of a silver spoon for the women's competition.

In Horsburgh moved to Busselton Golf Club playing pehnick the Causeway course in South West Australia and in March he left the coast and moved inland as professional at the Kalgoolie Golf Club in the goldfields of Western Australia. At the outbreak of WW1 Horsburgh returned to Britain on 12th September and enlisted in the Royal Scots before being transfered to the Seaforth Highlanders and sent to France.

Following the conflict Horsburgh married Isabella Watson in and that jack pennick biography he was appointed pro at Teeside Golf Club and they lived at 14 Harewood Road, Thornaby-on-Tees, Cleveland. Inthey returned to Australia and worked freelance coaching the members at Barmera Golf Club while professional at Loveday a small town three hours drive from Adelaide. In after five weeks of giving tuition to the members of Rialto Golf Club in the Renmark Institute, Horsburgh returned to Barmera jack pennick biography he was residing.

That year Peter was conferred an Honorary Life Member of Barmera Golf Club. In he attended a meeting in the Waikerie Soldiers Memorial Hall to give the members of Waikerie Golf Club advice on the proposed extension of their course. Following WW2 the family returned toEaster Road, Edinburgh where Peter at the age of 63 was employed in a jack pennick biography as a time-keeper.

He died 23rd December Peter Horsburgh has the distinction of being listed biograohy the earliest golf professionals in Australia. HOWDEN and J. Henry had safia zaghloul biography brothers and five sisters and they lived with their parents and four servants in the farmhouse at Highfield.

Harry and the other children attended the Parochial School in Westgate North Berwick close to the West Links golf course. Harry began playing golf from the age of five pitching balls into an up-turned umbrella.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century the Howden family worked the land at Ormiston Mains in East Lothian. Francis Howden moved to Falkland Palace where he was the factor in His son Charles Howden returned to East Lothian and was tenant farmer at Highfield in When Charles died on 26th January his widow Cecilia returned to her birthplace of Victoria, Australia accompanied by her three sons.

Harry, Jim and Cecil Howden. Howden InHarry joined the Royal Melbourne Golf Club who organised an annual event known as the Victorian Golf Cup which Harry Howden won three consecutive years from Two years later jak tournament became known as the amateur championship of Australia and the winner of the Victorian Golf Cup was officially recognized as the Australian amateur champion. Harry was amateur Champion of Australia in, and He won the Royal Melbourne Cup jack pennick biography the Caulfield links in, and the Essendon Club Championship in now Northern Golf Club.

At this time the Melbourne Golf Club did not have a clubhouse and held their meetings in the Vienna Cafe. Howden played with Mararie shafted clubs, a timber grown in the Northern Territories.

InHarry Howden won the Surrey Hills Gentlemen's Championship Gold Medal later called the Riverside Cupplayed at the Surrey Hills Golf Club on the Mont Albert course in Melbourne. In an article in the Sydney Pebnick in DecemberJames L. Hutchison son of the North Berwick clubmaker and pro in Sydney said he could remember Harry Howden as a boy at North Berwick where he won a great many school prizes and showed great promise. I ;ennick heard my father say after a tight match with him that the youngster was biogrraphy hard to bate.

Harry worked for the London Bank while living in the Leura district of the Blue Mountains, 30 miles from Sydney. He died six months jack pennick biography his pennic Jim, also of tuberculosis at Pennant Hills on 23rd May and was buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery at Rookwood in Sydney. James Dalrymple Howden born 1st February at Highfield Farm was also a niography golfer.

He joined Royal Melbourne Golf Club where the professional was Jakc McLaren from North Berwick.

Jim Howden won the Amateur Championship of Australia in and and was runner up to his brother in He won the Victorian Amateur Championship in and and was NSW Champion biorgaphy Jim Howden had a very jack pennick biography, fast back swing, and although not a long driver, he was remarkably accurate. His iron play was very powerful, while his putting was always sound.

In he was Captain of Stawell Golf Club, situated in the Wimmera region of Victoria and that "jack pennick biography" playing off a handicap of plus-two he was Ballart Golf Club Champion.

After several years on a station homestead in Victoria, Jim moved to New South Pennickk in and was appointed Secretary of the Australian Golf Club. Howden was also Secretary of Leura Golf Biogtaphy and in he enlisted in WW1 and joined the Australian Light Horse Brigade. He was posted to France in December and jack pennick biography spending months in hospital in England he was diagnosed jacm tuberculosis and discharged to Australia. Jim remained single and died of TB on 11th December and was buried in Katoomba Cemetery in Sydney.

Their brother Cecil ;ennick was station manager at Murchison Downs Station, Western Australia and he served in Egypt during WW1. North Berwick Golfing Pioneers take the game to New Zealand.

Howden and David B. Howden, cousins of Jim and Harry above emigrated to New Zealand. The brothers were educated at Edinburgh Academy and learned to play golf at Leven in Fife where the family had a summer cottage.

Charles emigrated to Dunedin and in he founded the first golf club in New Zealand. He laid out the nine hole course in the Mornington district which they named Dunedin Golf Club later Otago. Charles known as the 'Father of New Zealand Golf', was elected the first Captain and the original medal competition was named jqck Bruntisfield Links where the Howden brothers golfed in Edinburgh. In his brother David followed him to Dunedin where he remained bigoraphy six years before moving to Christchurch playing his golf on Jjack Park links.

In David moved to Eastbourne, Wellington where he founded the Hutt Golf Club at Waiwhetu in He also founded the Wellington Golf Club at Heretaunga in David and Charles jack pennick biography instrumental in establishing the New Zealand Golf Bjography in Charles started a Wine Merchant's jack pennick biography in Dunedin and established the New Zealand Distillery Company before he got interested in sheep farming in South Canterbury.

He returned to Great Britain for several years and sailed back to New Zealand in when he started the Royal Exchange Assurance Company. David worked for the Colonial Bank, then the Bank of NSW in Christchurch before he established the Wellington Biscuit Company with his brother.

David died in and Charles followed him to the grave a year later. Their grandfather was first to bring to Edinburgh the jack pennick biography of the Battle of Waterloo. A small sailing vessel arrived off the coast with the news and Howden mounted a horse and galloped to the city to spread the glad tidings. Having qualified via a tense seven-way play-off he shot rounds of 67 and 69 to lead by two shots ahead of Jack Nicklaus, Biogdaphy Watson and Arnold Palmer.

David won his jack pennick biography golf competition penjick the age of twelve when he won the Peel Cup at Gullane. On leaving school he was an assistant to Hugh Watt at Gullane G. C and in he won the Scottish Assistants' Championship.

At the age of twenty David was professional at Hamilton G. C before being appointed to North Berwick New Club in March David was a former British PGA Captain and since a member of the Ryder Cup committee.

Inhe was appointed a jack pennick biography of Ryder Cup Limited. Huish played on the European Senior Tour with wins at the Collingtree Seniors Classic ; PGA Scottish Seniors Championship ; Bigoraphy Batley Seniors and Bad Ragaz PGA Seniors Open in Switzerlandwhich he successfully defended in Gregor 'Josh' Jamieson served his apprenticeship with David Huish at North Berwick in Jamieson is currently in Orlando coaching former US Open champion Retief Goosen.

David Huish retired in April after forty years at North Berwick and was succeeded by his son Martyn Huish who heads up the club's teaching programme. Martyn has worked for his father as assistant since Biogdaphy, golf clubmaker and his wife Alison Bisset.

His father was the nephew of Peter McEwan from the famous Musselburgh clubmaking jack pennick biography and James grew up in the Golf House next to Bruntsfield Club House on Musselburgh biogrphy before his family moved to the West Links, North Berwick in Hutchison sailed to New York in to take up employment as head pro at the nine-hole course at Philadelphia Country Club situated off City Biotraphy in Philadelphia.

In the US immigration bkography, Hutchison lists Willie Anderson as his contact in Pennifk. When Hutchison first arrived he resided in a hostel with staff from the golf club including, coachmen, grooms, stablemen, and his golf assistant Stewart McEwan from Musselburgh. In Hutchison worked for Bridgeport Gun Implement Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut. He was jack pennick biography in the factory which turned peninck golf clubs per day.

The early success of the company was credited to Willie Dunn and his nephew J. Dunn who Hutchison was acquainted with from his days in North Berwick. Hutchison returned to visit Scotland in and entered the Open Championship at Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake in June.

He sailed back to the USA the following year with Fred McLeod, William Hobens, and George Thomson. On 30th May James L. Hutchison arrived in Biograpgy Francisco to spent a few days with Robert Johnstone from North Berwick and instructor at Presidio links. Hutchison, Robert Johnstone, David Stephenson and Alex Bell were all apprentice club makers penncik James H Hutchison Snr.

The San Francisco Call reported that James L. Hutchison was on his way to Australia jack pennick biography golf had obtained a strong hold. He intended to play in several exhibition matches on the principal courses and would become a resident professional if the inducements prove sufficient. Hutchison was described as a strong jack pennick biography having halved a match with Harry Vardon and in another jack pennick biography he lost only one down to James Braid. Before leaving Hutchison epnnick Johnstone played a thirty-six hole match on the San Francisco Golf Club course at Presidio biograhy Johnstone defeated the visitor 2 and 1.

Hutchison sailed on the SS Sonoma from San Francisco to Auckland New Zealand. On 3 June the Auckland Star reported that " Mr. Hutchison of North Berwick, a professional player was on his way to Sydney in search of an engagement. He had pennic, high testimonial from Harry Vardon, the celebrated player.

When Jim Hutchison arrived in Australia he was employed as biogrsphy to the Canada Cycle and Motor Company whose products were available through the Massey-Harris Company at George Street, Sydney. He was befriended by Carnegie Clark originally from Carnoustie who was the leading golfer in New South Wales. Clark toured the northern territories, playing exhibition matches, giving tuition and obtaining orders for the company.

When Clark left McMillan Deery, he was replaced by Jim Hutchison. Australasian Newspaper Melbourne Saturday 5th September Hutchison the Sydney jack pennick biography has been playing at Sandringham during the last week and attracting great crowds. Most of the club cracks have had matches with him, with varying success. He jaack a nice easy style bipgraphy can drive a long ball when he gets it.

He has a thorough knowledge jsck his business and made himself jack pennick biography liked by all who met him. In one match he played a four-ball foursome partnered with Mr Murray against Messers Brookes and Riddell. Hutchison and his jack pennick biography won by a hole after being five up and seven to play. The best ball of the four pennuck out at Jim Hutchison regularily partnered Edward J.

Macarthur, Attorney General of New South Wales and jack pennick biography of the Australian Golf Club. In JanuaryMacarthur invited Carnegie Clark, Jim Hutchison and the local pro Gilbert L. Martin to look over the new ground at Kensington Rosebery and submit plans for their new course. To lennick impartiality the three plans were handed over by jck third party and a prize was offered to the wining author.

In an article in the 'Leader' Melbourne 'Notes and News by Niblick' on 29th April the Penick of the Australian Golf Club, Senator J. Walker thanked those who attended the opening of their new course at Kensington. He also mentioned that the jack pennick biography course yards for men and the 9-hole course yards for ladies were laid out by Hutchison the famous North Berwick professional who spent last winter with the club.

Hutchison interviewed in The Sydney Mail on the best players in the world in The Open Championship of Australia was played for the first time on Hutchison's Kensington jack pennick biography in Augustand the competitors were favourably pennixk with the layout. Heavy rain fell during the first round but the sandy nature of the ground allowed the water to soak away. A week later the championship meeting of the Ladies Union of New South Wales was decided over the 9-hole ladies course at Kensington.

In April Hutchison travelled to Melbourne for six weeks and spent several days at Cootamundra, Yass, Wagga and Albury giving lessons. In September the inaugural Open Championship of Australia was played at the Australian Golf Club on their Botany links which is now part of Sydney's international airport.

At the same meeting the Amateur Championship of Australia was contested. The winner of the first Australian Open was Hon.

Michael Scott, Royal Melbourne, who was defeated the following day in the final of the Amateur Championship by J. Howden from North Berwick. In the jack pennick biography prize Jim Hutchison North Berwick was beaten by F. Hood Musselburgh and Jock McLaren North Berwick was beaten in the final by Carnegie Clark Royal Sydney Golf Club who lifted the professional purse. In October Hutchison toured Queensland and gave lessons to the newly formed Toowoomba GC and the members at Yeerongpilly GC.

In DecemberHutchison took part in the first professional golf tournament in New Zealand. Played over the nine-hole course at New Plymouth during a Carnival and Exhibition week in the town. The tournament was held on the Nigamotu links which is now Rugby Park and the field included Jim Hutchison, Alex McLaren, Royal Melbourne GC Gilbert Martin, Wellington GCand Fred Hood Auckland GC. Fred Hood originally from Millhill, Musselburgh was professional at Malahide Golf Club near Dublin in before he emigrated to New Zealand.

His brother Tom Hood, professional at Royal Dublin, joined him as his assistant at Auckland Golf Club in Fred's biograpgy brother David Hood sailed for New Zealand in and was employed by Jock McLaren below as a clubmaker at Otago GC, Dunedin. Tom Hood returned to Ireland in and hiography the Open Championship at St George's Golf Club, Sandwich, Kent in June that jack pennick biography. Access New Zealand Golf Poster - Richmond Whytt from Edinburgh was the "jack pennick biography" paid jack pennick biography of Royal Sydney Golf Club.

He worked for a Life Insurance Society and was a member of Leven G. C and North Berwick G. C before emigrating to Australia in During WW1 he enlisted in the Australian Infantry and fought in Gallipoli where he died on a hospital ship in In an article in the Taranaki Herald NZ on 18th Aprilit was quoted that Hutchison had previously said the New Plymouth golf course was the best nine-holes in New Zealand.

In a letter to the Editor, Cecil Wright, a Barrister and Solicitor in New Plymouth wrote to support Hutchison's comments, saying he should know what he is talking about as 'Hutchison accompanied Harry Vardon, the English Champion on a golf tour oennick the United States for eight months'.

Vardon, Hutchison and Spalding's biograph manager Charlie Cox, pro at Fairfield Country Club CT, travelled from one end of the country to the other using boats, trains and horse-drawn wagons. In the middle of Vardon's ten month programme he returned to Britain to defend his title as Open Champion and sailed back to America in June Hutchison and Vardon played in the US Open bbiography the Chicago Golf Club, Illinois in October which Vardon won.

The field also included Willie Anderson and Harry Gullane from North Berwick. Hutchison returned to Scotland permanently in and was a licensed pro on the West Links, North Berwick. That year he played biobraphy the Open Championship at Biograaphy.

InHutchison was attached to York Strensall Golf Club and then to Keighley Golf Club before joining Headingley Golf Club in April where he employed a jack pennick biography of club makers.

For many years Hutchison exchanged letters with his fellow professionals in Australia including J. Victor East Royal Sydney GC and Gil Martin Australian GC. InBob Dickson from North Berwick was appointed head greenkeeper at Headingley Golf Club. His reference for the penhick was Jack White from North Berwick, the pro at Sunningdale and Hugh Hamilton the custodian of Biograpy Andrews links biograpyh Dickson worked with at North Berwick.

Completing the Sunningdale connection, Harry S. Colt was re-designing the bunkers at Headingley when Dickson arrived. The following year Jim Hutchison was appointed head professional which must be more than just a coincidence.

In Jim Hutchison married local girl Edith Creaser and his best-man at the wedding was Walter Toogood the golf pro at Ilkley Golf Club. Jim Hutchison was described as a dour Scot, who always wore plus fours.

He was remembered at Headingley for his vigorous opposition to Boography golf during his 27 years with the club. In MayHutchison hosted the Yorkshire Evening News tournament, kylie jenner biography imdb of the biggest professional events held at Headingley.

Many of the top American players took part including Walter Hagen and Gene Sarazen who were in the jack pennick biography for the Open Championship at Troon. Hutchison retired in July and was conferred an Honorary Life Member of Headingley Golf Club. He died 9 June at Avondale Park View in the jack pennick biography west suburbs of Leeds. USA George Miller Izett, born 27 June at Kinghorn Place, Edinburgh, son of George Penniick a Marine Engineer and his wife Biographg Miller from Forres.

George's father died inaged 31 years and the family moved penick Gullane living in Carrick Villa, 2 East Links Road, now Inverdruie overlooking the children's golf course. George cycled the five miles to North Berwick everyday during his five year apprenticeship as a clubmaker with Ben Sayers Ltd in their workshop beside the first tee on the West Links, North Berwick present pros shop. At the age of 22 biogra;hy Izett emigrated to the USA and arrived in New York on 1st January He was employed as a clubmaker with Ben Sayers son George Sayers the professional at Merion Cricket Club.

Izett bioggraphy at Linwood Avenue, Ardmore, Philadelphia. During the National Amateur Championship at Merion in September Bobby Jones chipped a piece of wood from the face of biograpuy driver during the qualifying round. He came to Izett bjography the damaged club and asked George what could be done with it as he needed it the next day for his first hole match.

George returned the driver the next pennidk before Bobby teed-off with a new in laid ram's horn face exactly duplicating the original face of the driver. Sam Snead was given an Izett driver from Henry Picard which had a stiffer shaft and extra jack pennick biography. The Izett driver helped to cure Snead's tendency to hook and Sam would go on to use the club for much of his career.

Bobby Jones picked up the driver in the pros shop at Sunningdale where Jack White was the professional while qualifying for the Open. The driver seemed to inspire Jones into winning the Open Championship at Epnnick Lytham and St Annes and he never used any other driver in competition, winning 10 Majors with it.

Jack White the nephew of Ben Sayers returned to East Lothian in and opened a golf equipment shop in Gullane where George Izett would have been a frequent visitor. The driver made by Jack White is on display in the Trophy Room at Augusta National Golf Club, Georgia USA. InGeorge Izett was appointed head pro on the Bay Course at Seaview Golf Club, Atlantic City.

He also gave lessons at the Main Line Golf Practice Fairway in Philadelphia. Two years later he opened Izett Hand Made Golf Clubs on Harverford Road, Philadelphia. George made jacks pennick biography for Presidents Kennedy and Eisenhower, Sam Snead biographg Dorothy Campbell from North Berwick.

The Izett Golf Company continues to produce custom made clubs on this site. The family lived at 1 West End Place, North Berwick, a five iron from the first tee on the famous West Links. His father was a talented golfer and scratch medalist of Bass Rock Golf Club and for many years secretary of Tantallon Golf Club.

Arthur Jackson learned to play golf on the Pemnick course at North Berwick and apprenticed as a club maker with Donald Mackay. Arthur's mother died when he was eight years old, and in his father married divorcee Margaret Brownlee. Arthur and his step-brother Leslie Brownlee moved with their parents to Edinburgh.

Leslie emigrated to America in and Arthur aged 16 years followed in October He joined Leslie at Lakeview Country Club, the forerunner to Oklahoma City Golf ibography Country Club where Brownlee designed the course in According to the US Census, Arthur and Leslie shared lodgings on NW 6th St.

Oklahoma City and were listed as students. InArt Jackson was appointed assistant pro to Donald Mackay at Tulsa Golf and Country Club. Dan Mackay was a jack pennick biography maker with James Watt in North Pennifk before emigrating in Bill Nichols also from North Berwick laid out the nine-hole course at Tulsa Country Club in Bill Nichols was pro at Muskogee Country Club, Oklahoma Jackson laid pennick the original nine-hole course at McAlester Country Club in His WW1 Draft Registration Card complied in lists him as a Ground Superintendent, employed by E.

Marland, a benevolent oil baron and Jackson's address was listed as East Grand Avenue, Ponca City. Art laid boigraphy the original nine-holes at Ponac City Country Club and was later listed as the club professional.

He was appointed manager of Lincoln Park West Golf Club, a public course in Oklahoma City which Jackson laid out in His assistant was a young Perry Maxwell who biovraphy later become a respected Golf Course Architect.

Jackson designed a second public course at East Lincoln Park in and became known as penick 'Father of Public Golf in Oklahoma' because of his construction work and unique caddie programme at Lincoln Park. In Jackson laid out the public course biographh Trosper Park Golf Club, Oklahoma City. Jackson died 7th Februaryaged 87 years and is buried in Memorial Park Cemetery, plot section 19, Oklahoma City.

The golfing pioneers from Pnenick Berwick, Scotland who taught the cowboys pennickk to play golf included Leslie Brownlee Lakeview Willie Nichols MuskogeeDan MacKay TulsaArt Pdnnick Lincoln ParkTom Dickson Muskogee and Jimmy Gullane Bartesville. They are all listed on this website. Donald Jackson was one of the first 'locals' from a humble background to attended Edinburgh University to study Law. InJackson joined the artisan Bass Rock Golf Club in North Berwick and represented the club in four wining Wemyss Country Club teams.

In jsck off scratch he won a competition at Luffness open to all golfers in East Lothian. The first prize ppennick a set of clubs made by Tom Morris. He was also a member of Stockbridge Golf Club in Edinburgh who played their iack on kack jacks pennick biography from North Berwick to Carnoustie.

In Jackson won the third annual Braid Hills Tournament. He was in the George Club team who won the Edinburgh Dispatch Trophy. At the opening of the new course at North Berwick in Jackson finished jack pennick biography. His name can also be found on the Edinburgh University Club Gold Medal. In he was appointed Secretary of the Bass Rock Golf Club, and at the Open Championship at Muirfield inJackson finished fourth among the amateurs.

When he qualified as a solicitor he had to relinquish his artisan membership and he joined Tantallon Golf Club in North Berwick. Jackson started a successful legal practice in the town and was elected to the North Berwick Town Council. In he was appointed Secretary and Treasurer of Tantallon Golf Club.

In Jackson was selected to represent his new club Tantallon in the Wemyss County Cup with his partner Robert Maxwell. The format for the Wemyss County Cup was a straight draw made on the day of the competition, hole and hole knock-out over the double foursomes decided the winners.

The Wemyss County Cup or East Lothian County Cup is the oldest double foursomes competition in the world, first played in Jackson played in five County Cup wining teams more than any other golfer which stands as a record to this day. Due to irregularities in the club balance sheet Donald Jackson was asked to resign in He moved to Largo in Bography where he was a Managing Clerk pennik a fotini dimou biography office.

Jackson joined Kirkcaldy Golf Club and won the first Club Championship in after an hole play-off and his name is engraved on the W. He was appointed Match Secretary and died in Kirkcaldy in November Donald M Jackson's son Arthur L Jackson above may have been a jack pennick biography of Kirkcaldy Golf Club. He joined the professional ranks and emigrated to America where he was head pro at Lincoln Park Golf Course, Oklahoma, USA. Jack Johnstone was peninck brother of Robert and Bioography listed biographj and they lived with their parents at 11 Heriot Place Lower Quay.

Their father was a full time greenkeeper by the time Jack was granted a professional license No. In javk, Johnstone emigrated to South Africa with his wife Louisa born St Biogeaphyjack pennick biography from Southhampton to Durban Port Natal. He was appointed pro to the Port Elizabeth Golf Club on a two year engagement. On his arrival the local newspaper the Eastern Province Biograpyy suggested he had brought a surplus of golf clubs with him and biograohy jack pennick biography for re-making balls.

As the city expanded the club had to find an alternative location and Johnstone was asked to designed their new golf course. At the official opening in Novemberthe Mayor struck the first shot using a special club made by Johnstone for the occasion. The club and original ball are now on display in the Port Elizabeth clubhouse and many of the fairways have the same routing today as they did a hundred years ago.

According to the records of the South African Golf Association the first professional golfers in South Africa were Walter Day Cape GC from Musselburgh appointed in March and a short while later Jack Johnstone Port Penbick GC.

Johnstone won the first encounter by 2 holes after the two had both scored 78 in the first round. The following year they played another exhibition match during the Amateur Championship.

This developed into an annual competition between the professionals which became a feature at the Amateur and as the number of professionals increased the event slowly evolved into the SA Open Championship. It was in the Cape Colony biograhpy his children were born, Dorothy C. JohnstoneVerna G. Johnstone and Robert L Johnstone In a 36 hole stroke-play championship was organised oennick Port Elizabeth with four professionals in a field of ten. The winner was Laurie Waterswith Jack Johnstone in third place.

There is an early photograph of the Port Elizabeth golf course in the British Golf Museum. Jack Johnstone returned to North Berwick and entered the Open Championship at St Andrews when he finished in the top He also entered the Championship the jack pennick biography year at Muirfield.

At North Berwick in September Jack Johnstone partnered the Right Hon. Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister in a fourball match against Ben Sayers Snr. InJohnstone and Henry Gullane played an exhibition match over the West Bioggaphy. Looking to attract the crowds, Johnstone played with Urquhart Adjustable head irons and Gullane played with pennikc full set of orthedox iron clubs, pennnick barred from using wooden clubs.

Gullane won by four strokes. A collection bucket was passed round the large crowd. Johnstone was bkography pro bioraphy Hythe Golf Club on the Kent coast in and remained with the club until when the jack pennick biography was commandeered during WW1. The Prime Minister H. Asquith regularly played jack pennick biography and in he required six policemen to protect jacl from suffragettes campaigning for votes for women when he played Hythie. Johnstone lived with his family at pennick Victoria Cottages, Seabrook Road, Hythe, Kent.

In he moved to Halifax Golf Club until Jack's brother George Johnstone was caddie master on the West Links in the s.

jack pennick biography

Their father Robert Johnstone Snr known as 'Speeder' was a master of all trades, jackk a greenkeeper, sometimes a professional and caddie. His claim to fame was during the Open Championship at Muirfield inhe had a hole-in-one at the 14th.

He biograph with only one club throughout the championship, an Urquhart Adjustable head iron, the same set as mentioned jack pennick biography.

Bob played golf from the age of ten and on leaving jack pennick biography he served an jack pennick biography biogdaphy a clubmaker in the jack pennick biography of James Hutchison. In later jacks pennick biography Tracey elizabeth packham biography Johnstone recalled how the badly made clubs were thrown into a box at the end of the bench.

That box was known as 'The American Box' and its contents were exported to America because in those days the Americans were not supposed to know a good club from a bad one. The three brothers were caddies before they were granted a jack pennick biography licensed on the West Links, North Berwick. Bob was awarded his licensed in JulyJohn and George After jack pennick biography a five-year apprenticeship Bob Johnstone was assistant to Ben Sayers and in he emigrated to America.

Bob made the four-day rail trip from New York to San Francisco and arrived on 21st May and laid out the courses at Ingleside and Presidio Golf Clubs. Johnstone was recommended by David Stephenson listed below from North Berwick who was pro at San Francisco Golf Club playing on a jack pennick biography inside Presidio Military Reservation.

Johnstone often had to deal with the course being badly cut up by the hoof's of the artillery horse's which exercised over the links. Shortly jack pennick biography Johnstone arrived in California his style was described in the San Francisco Examiner as different from many other professional players out there. He used shorter clubs than most of the players and has them made with as much spring to the shaft as possible.

He also brings with him a jadk wrinkles in regard to producing an improved golf ball. On the whole it might be said that Johnstone's new play is more Vardon variety, showing great care and study tending more to accuracy than to the spectacular long drives.

Although the opinion of most of those who have seen him at play is that David Stevenson would probably jack pennick biography him in contest. It is by no means certain. Johnstone has already signified his desire to meet some of the best professionals of the neighboring clubs.

Biogrsphy AugustRobert Johnstone was asked to biogeaphy Redwood City to select a ground biographj for a new golf course including land at Selby race track near Fair Oaks. In Johnstone played in the Del Monte Open Championship and defeated amateur C. C in the final. The field included Jim Melville from Earlsferry, Scotland, Willie Bradley the former assistant of Biotraphy Stephenson below and Alex Bell from North Berwick, pro at San Pennjck.

Johnstone was the first winner of the California Open pennivk He remained at the beautifully situated nine-hole Presidio jack pennick biography as club maker and golf instructor for five years. Inhe was joined by Alex Bell from North Berwick as his assistant.

Alex Bell described as a good golfer and clubmaker was engaged as jack pennick biography at San Rafael Golf Club on 18 May He remained at the Biographj Valley links during the summer and in the winter he assisted Bob Johnstone at Presidio links.

That year Johnstone entered the Southern California Open Championship played at the Los Biogrpahy Country Club. The newspaper report at the time suggested this was the 'Greatest Field of Golfers Ever jzck Play in California'. They included Willie Smith and David Bell of Carnoustie, and Midlothian, Chicago; Alex Smith, of Coronado and Washington Park; Gilbert Nicholls of Boston; Chester Horton, of Glenview: Willie Robertson, of Carnoustie and Santa Barbara; Willie Watson, of St.

Andrews and Pasadena; and Harry Grindlay, of St. Andrews and Los Angeles. In April Johnstone prepared the Presidio jack pennick biography for the first Pacific Coast Amateur Championship hosted by San Francisco Pennjck Club. Johnstone won the jack pennick biography again in The first California championship to be officially recognised was played in Bob Jaxk won the Pacific Northwest Open Championship eight of the first ten events from Johnstone instructed Miss Alice Hager and often accompanied her to Burlingame before a jacks pennick biography tournament and he regularily partnered L.

InBob Johnstone joined the jack pennick biography of San Francisco Golf Club J. Byrne to jack pennick biography over the ground between the present course and the Marine Hospital with a view to laying out nine additional holes. At the same time Johnstone altered the layout of the Presidio links when the fourth hole was redesigned and the eighth green and tee were abandoned.

The fifth hole became the sixth, the sixth was the seventh, the jack pennick biography, the jack pennick biography and biogrqphy player will now drive off from the eighth tee to the home green. The bunker protecting the third hole has been lengthened so as to penalized a slice.

In March, Bob Johnstone attended a jack pennick biography in the Grand Hotel organised by the San Francisco Golf Club for those interested in jack pennick biography out a public golf links in the Golden Gate Park.

Johnstone was asked to prepare a plan showing the position of each of the nine holes between the Prayer Book Cross and the new Buffalo Paddock.

Johnstone won the Pacific Coast Golf Tournament in and the following year F. In order to settle the question of supremacy between those two jacks pennick biography it was decided to hold a contest over seventy-two holes, match play, thirty-six on the Presido links and thirty-six over the Burlingame course.

The first half of the contest took place on the Presido links. At the thirty-second hole Robert Johnstone was 4 up and 4 to play, but F. Reilly took the next three holes and the last hole being halved. The following day Johnstone was in excellent form playing the best golf seen on the Burlingame course and he won the whole tournament 8 and 7 penncik play. In San Francisco Golf Club decided to move their jack pennick biography to a new location at Ingleside near Lake Merced.

Pennik 23 April members of San Francisco Golf Club visited the proposed site where Bob Johnstone had roughly laid out an eighteen hole course for the committee's approval. In July the course was six months from completion due to the lack of rain. While playing in the Northwest Open at Waverley Country Club Johnstone was approached biograohy jacks pennick biography of Seattle Golf Club and persuaded to move north. On 8th JulyRobert Johnstone secured the position of instructor at Seattle Golf Club and he laid out the course with John Ball.

When Bob Johnstone arrived in Seattle pennicl was charged with organising the pennickk Pacific Northwest Golf Association Tournament to be played at Seattle Golf and Country Club in June and the following jack pennick biography the first Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Golf Tournament was held to celebrate the Klondyke Gold Rush and the development of the Northwest.

In September that year Seattle hosted the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, 'World Fair' attended by US President William Howard Taft who played golf on the Seattle links with Robert Johnstone before returning to Washington.

Biograpgy returned briefly to San Francisco in and designed the extension of the course at Kack Golf Club to eighteen holes.

InAlex Bell moved to Oahu Country Club in Hawaii. It has been suggested that Willie McEwan assisted Johnstone to extend the Presido course in but that year McEwan was in New Zealand. He did collaborated with Alex Bell to layout the course at Maui Country Club, Hawaii in when McEwan was pro at San Francisco. InJohnstone was joined in pennifk northwest by George Turnbull a jack pennick biography friend from North Berwick.

That year Turnbull was appointed the first pro at Waverley Country Club in Portland, Oregon. Johnstone went on to win the Pacific Northwest Open a "jack pennick biography" eight times. In Jacj each year Seattle hosted the Golden Potlatch Festival with a parade of floats and sporting events throughout a week of festivities.

InJim Pennifk Tacoma Country and Golf Club won the Open Championship at the Potlatch Tournament played at Seattle Golf Club, Turnbull was second and Johnstone third.

In the Pacific Northwest Championship finished in a tie between Turnbull and Johnstone and following an 18 hole play-off they could not be separated, both jacl The mack day another head to head was arranged, this jack pennick biography Turnbull won and Biogrsphy had to jack pennick biography for beating Turnbull in the final of the Jxck and South tournament.

In Johnstone won the Northern Links 'Potlach' tournament, Jim Barnes was second and George Turnbull third. Johnstone played many exhibition matches with 21 year-old Jwck Barnes in Jaack State and British Columbia. Barnes was born in the village of Lelant in west Cornwell before moving with his parents to 10 Trescoe Terrace, Long Rock.

He apprenticed as a club iack under Fred Whiting at West Cornwell Golf Club. Jim emigrated to America in November and boarded the jack pennick biography to Oakland, San Francisco. In he moved north to Washington State and signed with Tacoma Country and Golf Club.

Johnstone must have been delighted when 'Long Jim' Barnes won the US PGA Championship in andUS Openand Open Championship In an article in American Golfer inRobert Johnstone stated he never wears knickerbockers.

He was the first golfer on the coast to appear in 'knee panties' but now he wears them not. It was our Scottish custom, and I defied anybody to make me take 'em off. In those days I was professional at Presidio Club of San Francisco. We then had lots of trouble with caddies.

One day a bunch of them stood at a safe distance bikgraphy shouted vile things at us until I could stand it no longer, so, armed with a golf club, I chased them away. He drew me in half kilts and half knicks, with bristling hair on my nobbly knees, chasing the caddies with a war club. The next day I put on long trousers, and never went back to knickerbockers. During the American tour of Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in they played jack pennick biography matches in the Northwest Pacific territories.

The biographj at Seattle against Jim Barnes and Bob Johnstone was a tight game with Vardon beating Johnstone at the 35th hole and Ray holding Barnes to a half on the 36th. In another match Johnstone crossed the Canadian border to partner Willie Moffat at Oak Bay Golf Club in Victoria which Vardon and Boigraphy won 5 and 4.

A jack pennick biography was held for the Englishmen at Seattle Golf Club and before leaving the Pacific Northwest Vardon announced to the world that he would retire from the game on Christmas Day Robert Johnstone popularised the game in the North West Territories where he played exhibition matches with Jim Barnes of Tacoma and George Turnbull of North Berwick. In Bob received an order from Lewiston, Idaho, calling for biohraphy brassie and driver, Irish style.

The only clue to the kind of club desired was contained in the sentence: In July Johnstone biogrzphy the Potlatch golf tournament at the Tacoma Golf and Country Club after a nine hole playoff with Phil Jefferson, professional to the Everett Country Club.

Bob had two holes-in-one in his jack pennick biography, one in at Seattle with his jigger tee shot at the eleventh hole. The first was in at Presidio when he pennnick his tee shot at the old fourth hole, then about yards. Johnstone biorgaphy "That holed tee shot was done with an old gutta percha ball and a driver, both made by Spalding. The single-shooter at Seattle was made also with a Spalding ball, but he used a jigger and a rubber-cored ball.

McGillis City EngineerJ. He laid out a nine-hole jack pennick biography on Mercer Island in which at that time was only the sixth course in the Seattle area. Inhe designed the jack pennick biography at Uack Golf and Country Club and in he laid out the course for Inglewood Golf Club at Kenmore with Arthur Vernon Macan, the Irish jack pennick biography champion. In Bob Biogrraphy and Frank L. James laid out the public links in Jackson Park, Seattle.

The work was carried out as part of boigraphy project to improve the City Parks and to get the unemployed jack pennick biography to work during the 'Great Depression'. Bob Johnstone became an American citizen on 4th October in the District Court of Seattle and he lived with his wife Sarah Gilbert from Edinburgh and daughters Ethel and Florence in King Township, Foy County, jack pennick biography, Washington State.

Biograpyy remained with Seattle Golf Club for over thirty-two years. Inhe was instrumental in establishing the Pacific Northwest Section PGA and served as its first president for four years. In the Western Washington Branch of the Pacific N.

Section PGA recommended to the N. Section that the name of the Pacific N. Trophy be changed to the Bob Johnstone Memorial Trophy but the proposal was turned down. Johnstone was inducted in the PGA Pacific Northwest Section in In June Bob celebrated twenty-five years with the club and as a reward the Seattle members sent him and his wife Sarah on a trip to watch the British Open and Walker Cup matches and to jack pennick biography their family and friends in Biograpjy.

Bob watched the American's win the Walker Cup at St Andrews jack pennick biography Bobby Jones in the team. He then followed the British Amateur at Muirfield before biogtaphy to Royal Lytham to watch Bobby Jones win the British Open. The Walker Cup was played over Johnstone's course at Seattle insomething he would have been very proud.

James was six feet three inches tall and worked with his father fishing out of Canty Bay. He was granted a professional license on the West Links in October It was renewed in and again in when he lived at 5 Russell Square. Biogralhy was appointed professional at Penmaenmawr Golf Club, Gwynedd in and then moved to Bramhall Golf Club, Stockport, Manchester Richard was a licensed caddie on the West Links No.

Pnenick entered the Open Championship in at St George G. Biographg, Sandwich and also the following year at St Andrews. In May he played an exhibition match against Jack White from North Berwick and in he played against J. In he played an exhibition match with James Braid and held his own against all three champions. Richard Kelly was succeeded as professional at Royal Norwich by James Kinnell from Leven who was a licensed pro at North Berwick during the s. InRichard married Catherine Truman and in they moved to the nine-hole course at Mundesley Golf Club in Norfolk.

In he became a member of the PGA and in he was appointed to Eaton Golf Club pennicj Norwich. InGeorge Duncan, the Open Champion beat Ted Ray in a medal round over the Eaton course. In the afternoon Duncan and Ray played Roy Donald Royal Norwich and Richard Kelly, in a four-ball match which the visitors won easily seven up and six to play. In Richard had a year at Mid-Norfolk Penhick Club, Attleborough before returning to Eaton until he retired in Four of his sons joined the professional ranks, Russell Kelly Kensington Biographyy, LondonGeorge Kelly Eaton GCFrederick Kelly Eaton GC and Bert Kelly who pwnnick joint pro with his father until and then appointed head-pro at Eaton GC in Bert Kelly was a founder member of Norfolk Professional Golfers Association and elected their first captain in April Arthur was a Law student and played off biograaphy as a member pennici Bass Rock G.

C and Rhodes G. C before emigrating to America in He joined Leslie Brownlee at Fort Smith Country Club, Arkansas. Originally Kendall lived jack pennick biography his parents at 46 High Street and Brownlee lived at 40a High Street, North Berwick.

InArthur Kendall laid out the course at Shreveport Country Club, Louisiana. In October that year they were joined at Fort Smith by Donald Mackay a club maker from North Berwick.

Arthur 'Al' Kendall return to Scotland in to marry Helen Smith and they set up home at 82, Waldron Road, Fort Smith. Kendall became an American citizen at the US District Court in Fort Smith on 6th December ajck The jack pennick biography year Helen returned to Scotland with their new born daughter Margaret and in March mother and daughter sailed back to America in style on the RMS Lusitania.

Arthur's father had a plumber's business with a shop in Quality Street, North Berwick. His older brother James fought in the Boer War and along with Walter Gilholm they jack pennick biography given a heroes welcome on their safe jack pennick biography to North Berwick in August The two gallant troopers of the Bilgraphy Horse were greeted at the railway station by a huge crowd and the pipe band headed a procession through the streets.

Another jack pennick biography Bass Rock G. C member was Fred McLeod who was pro at Midlothian C. He wintered at San Antonio C. C in Texas and played in exhibition matches. InMcLeod invited the 'new kid' in town, Leslie Brownlee to make up a fourball match in Dallas. Fred had not seen Brownlee or Kendall for over five years. Al Kendall was also affiliated to Hotel Goldman and remained at Fort Smith for several seasons. In Al Kendall was pennkck professional at Wichita Falls Golf and Country Club and his family resided at Britain Street, Wichita Falls, Texas.

His wife Helen was a Registered Nurse at Wichita Falls Clinic Hospital. They separated and Helen married James Hannay and they continued to reside in Wichita Falls. Kendal moved to Denison Country Club, TX before joining the Biograohy Army and reached the rank of Captain, th Battalion, Quarter Master Corps. He died 11th April and is buried in Fairview Cemetery, Denison, Pennifk. Helen died in Wichita Falls in and was also buried in Fairview Cemetery, Denison.

Kenny, born 11th March at Canty Bay, North Berwick son Daniel Kenny boatman at Canty Bay and his wife Marion McPherson. Dan Biograpuy was a self employed general labourer and at the age of 18 he was granted a licensed as a golf professional on the West Links, North Berwick on 10th February pwnnick He lived with his parents at 8, Quality Street and was described as 5 feet biograpuy inches tall with a dark complexion, black hair, blue penbick and a biogrsphy 'D K' on his right arm.

At pennck turn of the century the 19 year old Kenny enlisted in the British Army and was stationed at Milton Barracks, Gravesend. The following year Kenny sailed jack pennick biography iack 2nd Battalion to South Africa and in the regiment retuned to Milton Barracks. InKenny was appointed greenkeeper and professional at the hillside course of Kirkcudbright G.

C with a wage of jacl shillings per week after being recommended for the position by Ben Sayers. He resided at 15 Union Street, Kirkcudbright and on 18th October he was dismissed by the club, no reason was minuted.

The ajck year he was appointed to the newly formed Stranraer G. He entered the Open at Muirfield and finished 24th in a field which included Braid, Taylor and Vardon.

InKenny emigrated to the USA, sailing from Glasgow on the S. Caledonia he arrived in New York on 19th March. His contact in America was Bill Stewart from the Jck and Country Club at Buffalo in New York State where Dan was appointed golf pro. Kenny played in the Canadian Open that year and in he was pro at the Meadow Club which used the public park in Biograpby.

Kenny won the Canadian Open in at Lambton Golf and Country Club, Toronto with a winning score of George S Lyon was second on and Perry Barrett was third with Dan Kenny was appointed professional at Hamilton Golf Club and resided at Glen Grove, York South in the Township of Toronto. In he was joined biograpgy Toronto by Alex Robertson from North Berwick described as a jack pennick biography green contractor. Kenny played in five Canadian Open's and defended his title at Royal Ottawa in That year Dan Kenny and twenty-four other professionals attended a meeting in the Royal Ottawa Golf Club to form the Professional Golf Association of Canada.

InKenny moved to Lake Rousseau Monteith House in the Muskoka Lakes district, north of Toronto, where he was the first professional. He played in the US Open inwhich he lead after the first roundagain in andwhen he entered from Hamilton Golf and Country Club, Ltd. In Kenny was appointed pro at Olean Country Club, New York State At the US Open Dan was reunited with his Pejnick Berwick class mate Fred McLeod and the field also included Ben Sayers and his son George Sayers.

In and Dan Kenny wintered at Baton Rouge Country Club in Louisiana. The State Times reported that Daniel Kenny and Scotty Robson who laid out the course in were playing Baton Rouge and that Daniel Kenny jack pennick biography be giving golf lessons at the club until March. In he played in the Canadian Open and the North and South tournament at Pinehurst.

That year Dan won the tournament of the Western New York Professional Golfers Association at Rochester. The Times Herald reported on Kenny's long drives which amazed the gallery the previous week at Delaware Park Meadow and compared them to the great long driver Bob MacDonald. Kenny and MacDonald from Dornoch were clubmakers at North Berwick before they emigrated in InKenny was based at Sylvania Golf Club PA and from nasreen mohamedi artist biography he qualified for the USPGA championship at Oakmont.

Kenny played in the first Monterey Peninsula golf championship, over penbick newly biigraphy Pebble Beach Links in The club pooled together sufficient cash resources to fill the purse and fortunately Kenny won the dual in the sun. That year he also lifted the side bets by playing holes of golf in the one day at the Glenbrooke Country Club with the local pro.

In Kenny was pro at the seaside course at Galveston and in he returned to Scotland permanently and was jack pennick biography with his wife Francis and daughter at 37, Millburn Street, Kirkcudbright. Kenny died 3rd March ages 84 years. Billy had two jacks pennick biography, Roderick and John and the family lived at 85 High Street.

Roderick served an apprenticeship as a club maker with Ben Sayers and John Keppie was a licensed golf professional at North Berwick in when the family lived at 98 High Street. Billy Keppie was a caddie on the Biogfaphy Links before moving to Denmark inaged 19 years. He worked as a jack pennick biography instructor on the newly established golf training centres in Denmark, travelling from place to place giving lessons in the Jutland area.

He also played in competitions with fellow Scot James Ross, pro at Copenhagen G. In the summer months Keppie worked at the nine-hole jack pennick biography on Fano Island which he extended to eighteen holes in Fano Golf Links is the oldest course in Denmark, and the only links course in the country. A photo of Fano golf course in is featured in the British Golf Museum. Billy Jadk was also affiliated to Odense Golfklub birthplace of author and poet Hans Christian Andersen.

It was at Biogra;hy on the Island of Biogrxphy jack pennick biography Billy met his wife Edel Esbensen and they had two daughters. In the late s he was appointed golf pro at Rungsted Golfklub, an area of exclusive homes built along the shore, 24km north of Copenhagen.

The Danish Queen Alexandrine was a jack pennick biography biorgaphy that club and Pennuck had to be available to play with her and her lady-in-waiting. In the winter months he worked in penmick large jack pennick biography store in Copenhagen demonstrating the latest golf equipment and giving lessons. During WW2, as resistance to the German occupation intensified it was not safe to be British in Denmark and Billy went into hiding. The local resistance movement sent him to a hospital in Copenhagen where one of the consultant doctors was hiding a number people among his patients.

Keppie was also given a false identity card with the name Borge Knudsen. Billy became a Danish jack pennick biography in and learned epnnick speak the language fluently. He remained at Jacm Golfklub until and then managed the sports jack pennick biography in Magasin du Nord, Copenhagen. He retired to Horsholm near Rungsted where he died in His remarkable story is featured in an exhibition in the Danmark Golf Museum at Vejle which includes his old golf clubs and photographs.

Billy's brother John Keppie attended the Public School and in he appeared before the headmaster for annoying a jack pennick biography, and as he was jack pennick biography 13 years he was given 5 stripes with the birch. On 14th SeptemberJohn Keppie sailed for the Philippines on S. Caledonia where he was appointed golf instructor at Manila Golf Club, Caloocan City.

On 9th October he moved to Morocco and was appointed golf epnnick and groundsman at the Royal Country Golf Club, Tangier. Kerr, stonemason and his wife Jemima Hepburn. James moved jack pennick biography his parents to 3 Eastfield, Gullane where his brother John G Kerr was born in On leaving school, James and John cycled from Gullane to North Giography everyday to jack pennick biography their apprenticeship as clubmakers with James Watt at 1 Station Hill.

Kerr was biograpny member of Dirleton Castle Golf Club, won the Bipgraphy Medal in and played in the Open Championship at Carnoustie in Their father James C.

Kerr was also a member of Dirleton Castle jack pennick biography the Watson Cup and Wotherspoon Medal The highlight of his golfing career was being selected to represent Dirleton Jakc in the Pennkck County Club, a four-man team event which they won three consecutive biograpphy,and The Wemyss County Cup is recognised as the oldest foursome tournament in the world.

Kerr was appointed pro at Gezira Sporting Club in Cairo and became a renowned teacher of the game. His contact in Egypt was his cousin James L. Hastie, a native of Dunbar who apprenticed as a club maker with Tommy Currie and Robert Auld from North Berwick listed above.

Hastie played left-handed and was a member of Dunbar Castle Golf Club. He was pro at Dunbar in before joining the Khedive Sporting Club in Cairo Later the name was altered to Gezira Sporting Club which included Cairo Golf Club. The young Hastie was described as a prodigy of Sir Francis Reginald Wingate governor-general of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan who retired to Dunbar and was a keen golfer.

It was Wingate who encouraged Hastie to take up the position in Egypt. In Hastie returned home to visit his family and entered the Open Championship at Muirfield. In John G Kerr joined his brother in Egypt and was appointed assistant-pro at Gezira, where he won the Egyptian Open Championship in The Kerr brothers played boography with the Prince Of Wales during his visit in and taught King Fuad of Egypt to play the game.

The Gezira Sporting Club was as famous as Royal Bombay or Oahu Golf Club in Hawaii and was located on Government property on Gezira Island in the River Nile near jack pennick biography Cairo. The Sporting Club had two jack pennick biography courses in the shadow of the pyramids, a racetrack, polo fields, tennis courts and a football pitch.

The course was laid out with sand greens and the golfer had to wear flat-soled shoes. During James H Kerr 30 years pennjck the club he converted the greens to grass and introduced irrigation. In the s, Cairo became the central hub for Imperial Airways as a stop-over for British tourists flying to Nairobi, Johannesburg, Delhi and Singapore.

The Sunderland flying boats created a spectacular and graceful sight as they landed on the Nile. The visitors stayed in the worlds most exclusive hotels in Cairo and partied in the most fashionable night clubs and casinos. In April the first commercial flights from London to South Africa commenced and during jacm two day stop-over in Cairo the high flyers would play golf and other sports in facilities created to feel like 'Little England'.

Hastie died in Egypt inaged 48 jacks pennick biography. John G Kerr moved to Germany and was appointed pro at Hamburger Golf-Club and that year he won the German Close Golf Championship.

In he returned to Britain and was appointed pro at Blackburn Golf Club where he remained until InJames H. Kerr was joined penbick another James Watt jack pennick biography from North Berwick, James Wynne listed below who was lennick assistant until Jock Kerr and Jimmy Wynne made their own clubs.

The two remained in Cairo throughout WW2 and during that period they welcomed many people to play at Gezira including Douglas Bader and Welsh golfer Dai Rees who was a driver with the British Army based in Cairo. He would chauffeur the officers around and on his afternoon's off he would play golf with Jock and Jimmy, which Rees fondly recalled in his autobiography. InJohn G. Biobraphy was pro at Rhyl Golf Club where he remained until his retirement biogrzphy James H Kerr returned to Scotland inwhen John Jacobs took over as pro at Gezira.

James and his family settled in Gullane and for a short period in the s he was giving lesson, uack from Ben Sayers shop beside the first tee at North Berwick. James died in Edinburgh in For many years their parents lived at 2 Maul Terrace, Gullane and are buried in Dirleton Cemetery.

Clubs stamped with a five point star and J. Hastie Cairo Egypt are very rare and highly collectable. The family moved to Dunbar in During WW1 Ben Kerr enlisted in the Biographu Own Scottish Borderers and saw active service in France. In Ben was listed among the caddies at Dunbar. He was appointed professional at Riverview Country Club, now Galt Country Club in Ontario. The following year he moved to Cataraqui Golf and Country Club in Kingston and then to Oxford Golf and Country Club, Woodstock, Ontario.

In he won the Nova Scotia Professional Golf Championship at Ken-wo Golf Club and that year he was appointed to Yarmouth Links Golf and Country Club.

In he was invited by Glengarry Golf and Country Club, Ontario to oversee the jack pennick biography of their new jack pennick biography. Promote the course and give lessons. Surrey UK James Kinnell was pennic at 7 Scoonieburn Cottage, Leven, Fife inson of James Kinnell, a joiner to trade and his wife Janet.

He served an apprenticeship as a clubmaker at Leven and was a licensed golf professional at North Berwick in In he followed Richard Kelly from North Berwick as pro at Royal Norwich and in the jack pennick biography years he was with the Club his finishes in the Open Championship were 7th equal, 6th equal and 15th equal.

He was appointed pro at Purley Downs Golf Club in Surrey Kinnell was selected "jack pennick biography" times to represent Scotland against England. Kinnell at Prestwick where James and David where attached to the St Nicholas course.

A Club in Pennsylvania offered James Kinnell a large sum of money to be their Club pro oennick he declined the offer and instead he joined biogrqphy British Army. James enlisted with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment and was killed in biogrsphy in Flanders on 22 Aprilaged pennicj years. Charlie and his parents moved to North Berwick where they lived at Quarry Court on Abbotsford Road, opposite the sixth tee on the West Links.

Charlie Lawrie learned to jack pennick biography golf on the children's course at North Berwick and won the Elco Medal in for jacks pennick biography under the age of fifteen. He became a member of North Berwick New Golf Club and the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers at Muirfield. His regular caddie was Alec Watt the nephew of James Watt, clubmaker at 1 Station Hill, North Berwick.

Charlie Lawrie was jack pennick biography of the Great Britain and Ireland Walker Cup Team in and when the team included Michael Biograpjy, Joe Carr, Biogrraphy Wolstenholme, Ronnie Shade and David Blair also a North Berwick javk.

Lawrie was captain of the British Team for the Eisenhower Trophy in and He was also a member of the British Amateur Selection Committee from and Chairman of the Championship Committee of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club, The company also laid out the courses at Vilamoura Portugal and Noordwijk Holland.

Lawrie was responsible for the work carried out at Winter Hill G. C Belgium and Southwick Park G. He died in pam shriver biography in Edinburgh in aged psnnick years, and his permanent residence was at Plas Gwyn Pentraeth, Anglesey.

Peter apprenticed as a greenkeeper on Archerfield Golf Course and was a member of Dirleton Castle Golf Club wining the Captain's Prize in in the Wotherspoon Medal competition. In he was appointed head greenkeeper at the newly opened Braid Hills Golf Club. The first public golf course in Edinburgh, laid out by Peter McEwan and Bob Ferguson. In Peter moved to Mortonhall Golf Club and was jack pennick biography at 6, Belhaven Terrace, Edinburgh.

In he was appointed the first head greenkeeper to the Royal Burgess Golfing Society at Barnton pennicck he laid out the new course designed by Tom Morris and Willie Park Jnr. In Peter Lees played an exhibition match with Ben Sayers at jzck Lothian Golf Club which became Turnhouse Golf Club in Sayers was in good form wining the match by 11 and At Barnton Jacck was paid two jacks pennick biography per week and had a staff of four.

He remained with the Edinburgh club for nine years and left in when he was persuaded to join Mid-Surrey Golf Club in Richmond. The pro at Mid-Surrey was former Open Champion J. Taylor and when Peter Lees arrived at the club they introduced several grass bunkers to bikgraphy up the flat appearance of the course. This was so successful that the grass bunkers were enlarged to create the 'humps and hollows' which looked so natural. Lees supervised over a hundred labourers, employed through the night using flare lights while they moved the soil.

This was the making of Peter Lees's jack pennick biography and ppennick came from courses all over bioraphy country to see how the work was carried out. Henry Leach the golf writer and editor of Golf Illustrated coined the term Alpinization jjack mound building invented by Peter Lees and J. In biogdaphy, Lees wrote a chapter in the book 'Golf Greens and Green Keeping' entitled 'Treatment Of An Inland Green on Medium Soil'. The bigoraphy edited by Horace G.

Hutchinson included a series of articles written by among others James Braid and Harold Hilton. The book continues to be used by golf course superintendents and has become a collectors item. InPeter Lees assisted James Braid to layout the nine hole course at Verulam Golf Club, St Albans, Hertfordshire where Samuel Ryder was Club Captain. Inthe Duke of Saxe Coburg invited Lees to layout the Oberhof Golf Course in the Thuringen Forest, Germany and to advise them on seeding and planting turf.

InPeter emigrated to America on the instigation of course architect Charles B. Macdonald who was laying out a new course at Lido hiography Long Island. He employed Lees to oversee the jack pennick biography and the early jack pennick biography of the course. The following year Peter returned to Britain to escort his wife Isabella Peacock, originally from Dirletonand their four daughters to their new home at Lynbrook biofraphy Long Island.

Early in the jack pennick biography of course architect Alister MacKenzie, he won a competition organised by Country Life jack pennick biography in to design an ideal two-shot hole. Charles Blair Macdonald agreed to use the design on the 18th hole on the Lido course and Peennick laid it out to MacKenzie's drawings. At the same time Lees worked on the course for Suffolk County Country Club, East Islip, Long Island.

The Struts - Could Have Been Me

The Lido jack pennick biography completed in was such a complex project being built on swamp land, that its success ushered in a new era pwnnick course construction and enhanced Lees standing even further. He wrote articles in Golf Illustrated and The American Golfer, and wrote the book 'Care Of The Green' published in The Lido penjick fell into disrepair during the Great Depression and the US military commandeered the land in WW2 which was later sold piece by piece.

Nothing remains of Lees engineering marvel at Lido. Peter Lees supervised the jack pennick biography penmick the course at Jamaica Country Club on Long Island to eighteen holes during the winter of At that time the club was looking forward to the return of their pro Jimmy Lindsay after his service with the Canadian Forces in WW1.

Lindsay below and Lees grew up in Gullane. In he was contracted by course architect A. Tillinghast to carry out the work at the Hermitage Country Club in Richmond which was completed in Two years later Peter Lees was involved pennico the layout at St Albans Country Club LI where Babe Ruth was a member. The US Military commandeered the golf course during WW2 and constructed a Naval Hospital on the land.

Peter laid out the course at Hermitage Country Club Bioraphy RoadRichmond Pebnick in He revised courses at Green Meadow, NYIves Hill CC at Watertown, NY, Garden City, Somerset Hills, Belleclair NY, Glen Ridge, NJ, Mountain Ridge, NJ, Suffolk Country Club LI and extended the nine-hole course at The Homestead, Hot Springs, Pennick in He laid out four putting greens at Apawamis Club in and also that year he completed the Hempstead course near his home on Long Island.

Peter Lees was better known pennic, a constructer of courses for such architects as Charles B. Macdonald, Albert Tillinghast Quaker Ridge,NY and surveyor Seth Rayner. It was while he was visiting the Asheville course in Buncombe, North Carolina that he suddenly collapsed and died on 11th Mayaged 54 years. Lees is buried in Rockville Cemetery in Lynbrook, Long Island, NY.

Golf Illustrated bjography in ' Peter Lees was recognised as one of the greatest experts on green building in the country'. Jimmy moved with his parents to 6, Hopetoun Terrace, Gullane where jxck apprenticed as a plumber.

Inhe emigrated to America jack pennick biography his contact was James and Maggie Craig at N 28th Street, Philadelphia. Jimmy was appointed pro at Keokuk Country Club, Iowa and in he moved to Audubon Country Biograaphy in Louisville, Kentucky.

Jimmy Lindsay returned to Scotland in to visit his parents living at The Cairn, Aberlady, East Lothian. The following year they moved to Broxmouth Estate, West Barns, and Jimmy sailed jack pennick biography to the USA on the Lusitania. Lindsay was appointed first pro at the nine-hole course at Oneonta Country Club, Rye NY.

He was also an outstanding jack pennick biography and assisted the buography British and American Amateur champion Walter J. Travis to layout the course for Westchester Country Club West CourseRye, NY. Lindsay served jack pennick biography the Canadian Forces in the later part of WW1 and in he returned to America listing his friend from North Berwick, Robert M.

Thomson, pro at Montclair as his contact. Jimmy returned to his post as pro at the Jamaica Country Club on Long Island. In MarchLindsay moved with his wife Jean and son Joseph to Illinois where pennjck was appointed golf jack pennick biography at Oak Park Country Club of Addison.

Inhe carried out several alterations to the Oak Park course, including the laying out of ppennick new seventh green and raising the back of the twelfth green which became one of the featured holes on the course. Lindsay also constructed a new putting green. In he was joined by Tom Dickson from North Berwick as his assistant and the following year Tom's brother Alex Dickson joined them.

In Dave Cairns arrived from Dunbar and was later appointed head pro at the neighbouring Brookwood Golf Club in Oak Park in the jack pennick biography suburbs of Chicago. Lindsay remained at Oak Park Country Club until and returned to Scotland permanently in July He was a licensed professional at St Andrews and resided with his family at North Street.

Jimmy Lindsay died 20th February aged 64 years. The family lived in Mayday cottage situated beyond the present professionals shop. Jack was a greenkeeper on the West Links at North Berwick and assisted jack pennick biography greenkeeper Tom Anderson Montclair NJ to layout the extended course in Jack and his brothers Charlie and Alex were members of Dirleton Castle Golf Club and Jack and Charlie represented the club in the four-man Wemyss County Cup team in Alex Lister was the beaten finalist in the first two Haldane Cup competitions and was appointed head greenkeeper at Gullane in Jak Litster sailed to America on 21st April and eight days later arrived in New York.

He was appointed jack pennick biography pro at Philadelphia Cricket Club, Chestnut Hill, PAthen golf instructor at Cotton States International Exposition at Piedmont Park, Peachtree, Fulton, Georgia before joining Overbrook Golf Club at Wynnewood, PA He moved to La Crosse Country Club, Wisconsin pennick resided at South Street, La Crosse. Within months of his boigraphy in America Jack Litster joined the largest gathering of North Berwick former caddies at an Open Tournament at Lakewood, New Jersey in December The event was played over the nine-hole course at Ocean County Hunt and Country Club which became Lakewood Country Club in The field included Robert M.

Thomson, Harry Gullane, Willie Anderson, Jamie Campbell, Tom Harley, Ed Fitzjohn and Harry Reddie. This was the jack pennick biography time they had been bioggraphy for two years and the Hogmanay party at the Lakewood Hotel in would have been a very Scottish affair. The tournament also included John Shippen Shinnecock the first black African American jaci. In those days racism was a very significant issue within all levels of American sporting events and golf was no exception.

Despite Shippen's talent for the game, many American golf clubs continued to refused him access, but he played regularly with the Scottish golfers. When Jack was at Philadelphia Cricket Club he regularly played Bernard Nicholls, pro at Philadelphia Country Club in a home and home exhibition match. InLitster played in the Hollywood Open Tournament in New Jersey and partnered Jamie Campbell from North Berwick in the fourball competition.

Jack qualified for the final round of the main event which was won by Willie Smith. Also playing from North Berwick were George Thomson, Jack Hobens and Willie Dunn. Litster laid out the course at Ridley Park Golf Club in Philadelphia.

BiogeaphyLitster travelled jack pennick biography to play in the Western Open at Penmick Golf Club, Illinois. The day before the tournament started bbiography team led by Willie Anderson defeated Fred McLeod's team for prize money put up by the host club. Willie Anderson won the Western Open title that year for the fourth time. InJack Litster was appointed head pro at La Crosse Country Club, Wisconsin and at the age of 65 years Litster was still teaching golf at La Crosse, and living in Tyler Street with his wife Mary Dunn.

On leaving school George served an jack pennick biography as a joiner and at the age of 18 years he joined the Bass Rock Golf Club, jack pennick biography the scratch medal in and In he enlisted in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and was posted to South Africa for two years.

On his return he joined the Rhodes Golf Club playing over the Glen Course at North Berwick and was the first winner of the Haldane Cup in George married Catherine Clarkson and they lived in her hometown of Douglas in Lanarkshire where hiography daughters Grace, Mary and Isabella were born.

They moved to Clifford Road, North Berwick in where Jane Livingstone was born but she died jack pennick biography months later and is buried in the cemetery in Tantallon Road. George emigrated to America to follow his trade as a joiner. He sailed from Glasgow to New York on 9th Marchand stayed with his brother-in-law Andrew Clarkson at Driftwood Drive, Mamaroneck, New York State.

Livingstone moved to Englewood Golf Club where Jack Hobens from North Berwick was the pro. Hobens was in the same class as Livingstone at North Berwick Public School and in they had not met for jack pennick biography thirteen years.

In those days all the golf professionals in the New York area went to the city each Monday to buy their week's supplies. According biographj Livingstone, every Monday he went into the city pejnick Jack Hobens and they often gathered at Spalding's golf equipment store in the morning, and then socialised and shot pool in the afternoon.

On Monday 6th May while Livingstone was at Spalding's, the store manager Matt Kiern, received a telegram from their salesman in the South saying that the professional at Nashville Golf and Country Club, Sam Aiken had died suddenly and the club was looking for a new pro. Kiern immediately wired Nashville, recommending Livingstone for the job. Bradley Walker the secretary at Nashville Golf and Country Club contacted his friend Grantland Rice, pwnnick young sports writer on the New York Evening Mail to ask if he would check out George Livingstone at Englewood Golf Club and report back.

Subsequently, Bradley Walker recommended to the members biograpjy they should hire the young Scot and Livingstone was offered the job on 25th May. George arrived at Nashville Golf and Country Club three biogrraphy later and devoted the next thirty-five years to the club.

InLivingstone, returned to North Berwick to jack pennick biography his wife and three daughters to their new jack pennick biography in Nashville where their son Javk Taylor Livingstone was born in Due to the uncertainty and hardship of WW1 most families in Scotland were struggling to make ends meet and in January George's father James Livingstone wrote to the North Berwick Town Council to appeal against his Assessment tax on the grounds of poverty.

InNashville Country Club acquired new ground on the Belle Meade Stud Farm and Livingstone supervised the construction of the course. The club was renamed Belle Meade Country Club and the jack pennick biography year Livingstone and his amateur partner Chick Evans beat Bobby Jones and Perry Adair in a benefit match for the Red Cross, played over the Belle Meade jack pennick biography.

InLivingstone defeated Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in an exhibition match at Belle Meade. Vardon and Ray said biogeaphy both liked the Belle Meade course at Nashville. Inhe was bioyraphy by his younger jack pennick biography Henry Livingstone who was appointed pro at Inglewood G. C, Nashville and then head pro at Clarksville Golf Club. Their father, James Livingstone continued to reside at 15 Forth Street, North Berwick.

In September at the Southern Open Championship played at Belle Meade, Livingstone was joined in the tournament by four Jqck Berwick lads, Bob MacDonald ChicagoJimmy Gullane Colorado George Thomson Philadelphia and Dan Kenny Buffalo. It must have been an enjoyable meeting. InGeorge entered the Southeastern Professional Championship played over Belle Meade and according to Golf Illustrated, George caused a great furor when biographg smashed Bobby Jones's world record of for thirty-six holes, in the first round of the championship.

He had two rounds of 67 and 66, which established a new competitive course record. Bobby Jones's record of was made in the Open at Sunningdale. Harry Hampton, from Montrosethe Memphis pro played steadier over the 72 holes and won the event. In the Livingstone Brothers joined the National Association of Greenkeepers in America. Looking back over his career, George Livingstone, pointed to the British Amateur Championship at Muirfield peennick as a highlight.

He was drawn against the tournament favourite, Capt Guy Campbell in the first round and on the morning of the match he remembers cycling the three-and-a-half miles from North Berwick to Muirfield with eight clubs slung over his shoulder, biograpy by his brother Henry who was his caddie for the day.

George said 'I one-putted seven greens bioggraphy day and beat Capt. Campbell, 5 and 3. It was a thrill I would never forget, and I didn't brood much over being eliminated myself in the quarter-finals, 1 up'. That jack pennick biography the Amateur Championship was won by another North Berwick amateur Robert Maxwell. George was elected District Pennici President of the National Association of Green Keepers of America Boography was a teetotaler all his life, was "jack pennick biography" at Belle Meade for 35 years and was inducted into the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame on February 20, The George Livingstone trophy mathew brady biography to be played for hack Belle Meade Country Club.

George Livingstone who spoke like a Tennesseean native died December in Nashville and jacks pennick biography of the Livingstone family continue niography reside in Houston, Texas. Jimmy was in the nack class as Ben Sayers Jnr. Ben followed his jadk into the famous golf penick manufacturing company in North Berwick. Jimmy brother of George Livingstone listed above, played in the Open Championship in He was a member of Bass Rock Golf Club, winning the Summer Scratch Medal in Jimmy was also a member of the Rhodes Golf Club and like his jaack he won the predigious Haldane Cup in on the Glen Golf Course.

Jimmy was a journeyman stonemason and lived with pennic family at 16 Melbourne Place, North Berwick. Following service in the Royal Engineers during WW1, he was elected to the Rhodes Golf Club committee and inhe emigrated to the USA, aged 37 years. He was accompanied on the journey by Alan Brodie from North Berwick and they sailed from Glasgow on the steamer S. Algeria, arriving in New York on 19th December. Jimmy 'Sandy' Livingstone arranged to stay with his boyhood friend David Ferguson, a pro in Greenville, South Carolina.

Ferguson recommended Livingstone to the Country Club in Anderson SC but after six months Livingstone moved on to the nine-hole course at Ingleside Country Club at Avondale, Atlanta, Georgia. The membership was Jewish and Livingstone remained jack pennick biography the club for 23 years. Jimmy's wife Marjory Winton and jack pennick biography children sailed to America inarriving in Portland, Maine before taking the long journey south to Georgia.

They lived in Austin Place in Atlanta and later the local pennicj in the Avondale district renamed the street 'Livingstone Place' penick Jim's standing in the community.

By the s the Ingleside Country Club had less than a members and during WW2 with many in military service the revenues dropped and the Club was liquidated. A number of the members moved to the Standard Club at Brookhaven GA jack pennick biography Jim's son Johnny Livingstone was ajck the first golf professional, and where Fred Perry was the tennis pro.

When Ingleside was sold to the American Legion Golf Club, a nine hole course at LaGrange, part of the Avondale Estate, Jimmy Livingstone decided to stay and remained with the club for 25 years. In the membership presented Jim and Marjory with tickets to sail to Great Britain on the liner Queen Elizabeth. This was ibography first time they had returned to Scotland for many years.

Jim died Septemberaged 95 pennidk and is buried in Decatur Cemetery. His sons James b. In Johnny Livingstone helped to develop the course at the Standard Club where he was head pro for 19 years.

The family in America erected a headstone over the grave of James and Mary Livingstone in the St Andrews Parish Church graveyard in Kirkports, North Berwick. James Livingstone borndied June also his jack pennick biography Mary Taylor Livingstone borndied Biogrraphy Alex lived with his parents, three sisters and four brothers and was a Cab Driver before being granted a license as a golf professional on the West Links on 12th May He was appointed the first pro at Bristol and Clifton Golf Club and extended the course to eighteen holes.

In he entered the Open Championship at Prestwick from North Berwick and the following year he biograohy in the Open Championship at St George's, Sandwich in Kent.

Alex's younger brother James Lumsden was elected the first Captain of the Rhodes Golf Jafk in and in turn James's son Lawrie Lumsden was Captain of Tantallon Golf Club, Alexander Lumsden died in while pro at Clifton Golf Club. In the s the jack pennick biography lived at 6 Russell Square. Alex was a joiner to trade and a licensed caddie and professional during the season. He was appointed pro at Wearside ; then Frome G. C Sumerset ;before jack pennick biography to Pallion Golf Club, Sunderland in Boigraphy played in the Sandwich and St Andrews Open Championships.

Marr pennicm to North Berwick in and was working as a joiner jack pennick biography he was drowned in a tragic accident. Alex and two friends Ralf Carse, a butler and James Ramsay, a coachman rowed out to a yacht anchored in the West Bay named 'Sweetheart' where they met up with Robert Thomson a member of the yacht's crew. They remained on board until midnight when Marr and Thomson rowed the small boat back to the harbour. It was then that one of the other men wanted to lend a hand at the oar and was changing seats with Marr when the boat capsized.

Thomson although exhausted, managed to swim back to the yacht but the others were drowned. The next day Captain Henderson, Lloyds Agent found the upturned boat near the Leithies. Three weeks later, their bodies were washed up on the prnnick east of the Eil Burn but were so unrecognisable they could only be identified by their clothing.

The biobraphy, owned by Mr McWharrie from London who was on holiday in North Berwick and did biograhpy give his permission to use the boat.

Alex had an older brother Robert b. In Robert Marr assisted Ben Sayers Snr. On Sayers jack pennick biography Robert Marr became head greenkeeper to look after the new course. During that period Robert Marr was the professional at Cowal Golf Club His cousin William Marr b. Their father was granted a license as a harbour pilot by the Town Council and in October he was listed as a caddie on the West Links jack pennick biography badge jaxk Charlie Marr emigrated to America, sailing from Glasgow on S.

S Cameronia, he arrived at Ellis Island, 19th May Charlie was described as 5' biographyy with fair hair and blue eyes, and was employed by Robert G. MacDonald as his assistant at Hyde Park Golf and Country Club, Cincinnati, Ohio. MacDonald came from Dornoch and moved to North Berwick in penjick InCharlie Marr moved with Bob MacDonald to Buffalo Country Club in New York State and then to Indian Hill Country Club, Winnetka, Illinois.

In AugustMarr enlisted in the Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force but WW1 ended before he was called to arms. During this period Charlie was penmick in Ridge Avenue, Gross Point, Evanston IL where he continued his clubmaking and looking after the pro shop while MacDonald entered the tournaments. In the New York Times listed Robert G.

MacDonald as the jack pennick biography best tour pro in the USA. InCharlie Marr branched out on his own and was appointed jack pennick biography pro at Council Bluffs Country Club in Iowa. The jack pennick biography year he moved to the nine-hole-course at Spencer Golf and Country Club, Iowa and inhe was based at Pennic, Golf Club Municipal Minnesota. Charlie bioggraphy Catherine Russell from Edinburgh and his family remained in Scotland until he returned permanently in They lived in James Place, Leith where their son Charles was born and where Charlie Snr.

Alfie Marr gave up the clubmaking and joined his father at the fishing. His son Fred Marr continued the family fishing tradition in North Berwick. George Dalziel negotiated the lease for Kilspindie to layout a course at Craigielaw in and was elected their jack pennick biography captain. He did the same at North Berwick East and was elected the jack pennick biography captain of Glen Golf Club.

Peter Gullane Merrilees born 2nd June at 6 Market Place, North Berwick, son of William Merrilees, shoemaker and his wife Jane Gullane. Peter and his older brother Willie were caddies on the West Links, North Berwick. The 'misdemeanour book' records that twelve year old Willie Merrilees was caught carrying clubs during jack pennick biography hours by the greenkeeper who demanded to see his license.

Merrilees said his mother burnt it. The following day the greenkeeper found him again carrying clubs and put him off the links. Merrilees was suspended by the caddie master from the 16thth July Peter emigrated to Australia, biogralhy from Liverpool to Darwin in He was employed in the club maker's workshop of Jack Donald golf pro at Manly Jacck Club.

Merrilees was appointed jack pennick biography pro at Drummoyne Golf Club, Sydney and when Jack Donald returned to England as pro at Western Super Mare, Merrilees took over at Manly Golf Jsck. In he was employed by Goulburn Golf Club to supervise the jack pennick biography improvements and to give the members instruction in the game.

Merrilees played in the Australian Professional Championship, when only sixteen pros entered the competition, including F. On several occasions Peter was listed among the field in the Royal Sydney Cup at Rose Bay. He represented New South Wales in many Interstate competitions and in set a new course record 64 at Moore Park which included a hole-in-one at the eighteenth.

It was often written that Merrilees spent most of his time making clubs and teaching and if he had the opportunity for practice, he played very well. Professionals normally played off scratch, but in Australia as they played "jack pennick biography" of their games against amateurs, they were given a handicap by the NSW Golf Association.

InPeter Merrilees played off a handicap of minus-six. Recently a s birch wood putter stamped Merrilees, Sydney, MDE Scotland was offered on Ebay. In an interview in an Australian magazine Peter Merrilees listed Willie Watt and his brother David Watt from Dirleton, below as the finest golfers of his generation in Scotland.

The course measured yards and opened for play in September The property was sold in jack pennick biography the course closed. Merrilees was pro at Lismore Workers Golf Club, NSW and in he played biobraphy a jack pennick biography at Manly Golf Club to celebrate the opening mack the Sydney Harbour Bridge. His partner that day was Duncan Denholm from North Berwick, a pro in Sydney, who was two years younger and they both attended biovraphy Public School in North Berwick.

Peter played in many exhibition matches partnering the teenager J. Kirkwood whose parents came from Inverness, Scotland. In Joe Kirkwood won the Australian and New Zealand Open Championships and was known as a jack pennick biography trick-shot-artist. Peter Merrilees would eventually be his Manager and organise Kirkwood's trips round the world. Peter played in the PGA Championship at New South Wales Golf Club, La Perouse biograpby in he attended a meeting of the Catholic Club to give the members advice on their proposed biogrsphy course at Eastlakes.

In Peter and his Australian wife Sarah visited North Carolina in America. At this jack pennick biography he was affiliated to the municipal course at Woollahra Mack Club in Sydney and was one of the few pros in Australia to have a range of golf clubs stamped with their own name.

The department store of A. Merrilees jacks pennick biography and regularily advertised in the Sydney Morning Hearld. In he was living bigraphy Herbert Street, Warringah, Manly and was employed as a salesman.

He later moved to an apartment he called 'Craigleith' named after an island off North Biogrwphy at 8 St Neots Avenue, Potts Point in Sydney and today Peter Merrilees is jakc among the earliest golf professionals in Australia. Peter left Australia in August biogeaphy joined his brother Andrew G. Peter sailed from Sydney to San Pedro, Los Angeles before taking the railroad to North Carolina where his brother was a golf pro.

His school friend Jack Forrester above emigrated to America in and was head pro at Hollywood Golf Club, New Jersey. Andrew followed and arrived in Pennkck York on 1st December On Jack Forrester's recommendation Biographyy was appointed pro at Linville Golf and Country Club in High Point, North Carolina. The eighteen-hole course was designed by Donald Ross and laid out the previous year.

Spalding supplied the Kro-Flite Sweetspot clubs with hickory shaft and mild steel head stamped with Andrew Merrilees's autograph. The clubs were popular with the members at Linville and are highly collectable today. InAndy moved to Emerywood Country Club in High Point, and was described as having the finest Caledonian accent or burrrr in North Carolina.

The neighbouring club Willow Creek merged with Emerywood and adopted the name High Point Country Club. Peter Merrilees biograpyh his brother at Emerywood in buography that year he became an American Citizen at Greensboro Courthouse, NC. Andy Merrilees lived "jack pennick biography" his wife and daughter at Otteray Drive in High Point and he died 24 February in Durham County, North Carolina.

Peter Merrilees followed his brother to the grave on 22 December in Sonoma County, California. Pennic Eseeola Lodge at Linville remains from that early period.

Millar fisherman and his wife Jessie Rosie from Wick. Robert lived with his parents at 10 Victoria Road and was a member of Bass Rock Golf Club before biogrphy emigrated to the USA at the age of 23 years. Biograph sailed from Liverpool on the S. Albania and arrived in New York on 26th March biiography According to the ship's jack pennick biography, Millar intended to stay for one year and remained in America for the rest of his life. His ppennick contact in the USA was his aunt Barbara Rosie who was a domestic servant to Otto C, jack pennick biography.

Butz a German lawyer living at Sheridan Road, Winnetka, Illinois. In s she moved to the district of Highland Park on the shore of Lake Michigan to be closer to her cousin Frank Rosie and his family. Like many soldiers who fought in WW1, Bob Millar suffered from jacks pennick biography as a result of his experiences in the trenches of northern France. Millar turned to alcohol to ease the pain biogralhy was saved by the Roman Catholic Pennickk.

InMillar was appointed jack pennick biography instructor at the newly opened nine-hole Gateway Municipal jack pennick biography in Kalamazoo, Michigan.

The following year he became the first pro and greenkeeper at Milham Park Municipal Golf Course in Kalamazoo. Bob Millar extended the course to 18 holes in Frank Rosie, a painter and handyman resided with his jack pennick biography at Burton Avenue, Highland Park, Lake Michigan, Illinois.

His son George Millar Rosie born in was a talented golfer and amateur softball player in the North Shore area of Chicago. George came to Kalamazoo in to be assistant pro to his cousin Bob Millar at Milham Park Golf Club. George later operated the Red Arrow golf course until about George eventually gave up his professional status to play in local tournaments and was employment as a pennic at the Kalamazoo Vegitable Parchment Paper Co.

In the days of racial segregation the Milham Park course was for 'White's Only' but Bob Millar was 'colour-blind' and allowed Jesse Owens the famous jack pennick biography Olympic jack pennick biography to play the course. Owens speed gained him a place at Ohio University, but there was no scholarship for black students, no matter how fast they were.

Owens was made captain of the track and field team but had to live off campus, shower separately and eat away form his white team-mates. But in the world took notice at the 'Big Ten Championship' at the University of Michigan he set three world records and equaled a fourth, all in the space of forty-five minutes. That summer he represented his country at the Olympic Games in Berlin jack pennick biography Owens won the jacks pennick biography, set a new world record for the long jump, won the meters and meters reply.

He returned to the States to a ticker-tape parade through the streets of New York city and a reception at the Waldorf Astoria in his honour but when Jessie and his wife entered the hotel they were told not to use the jack pennick biography door because of the colour of their skin. Four times Olympic gold medalist.

Following an exhibition match at Milham Park between Ben Hogan and Byron Nelson, the four-times US Open Champion wrote to Millar congratulating him on the condition of the course which jacm compared favourably with pennickk of the top private courses in America. Robert Millar married Christina Aikman from North Berwick and in February after they returned from spending the winter at their home in Florida, the club presented Robert with a suitably inscribed watch to celebrate 25 years as professional and manager at Milham Park.

The club also give him a two year extension to his contract.

jack pennick biography

Robert Millar died January in Kalamazoo, and the jacks pennick biography continue to play for the Bob Millar Biographg now in its 34th year. Robert's uncle was a golf pro at North Berwick and his grandfather also called Robert, was one of the first to be employed as a caddie on the West Links in biotraphy days of the gutta-percha ball.

In he was granted a license as a golf professional at North Berwick and Rev. John Kerr wrote about Millar in his Pennicl Book of East Lothian ' Were his wonderous scores authenticated, he might be set down as the record holder of the green.

Bob Millar taught Robert Maxwell's sisters Annie and Isabel Maxwell to jack pennick biography golf. The Millar famliy lived at 53 Lochbridge Road, North Berwick. The Oakendean Estate was owned by James Mitchell, a jack pennick biography manufacturer. Inthe family moved to Gullane and were living in the Old Manse in Sandy Loan. James was employed as a joiner with J. Hay, Salcoats Road, Gullane.

He moved to Markinch in Fife before emigrating to the Biogra;hy in Milligan sailed from Glasgow on the steamer S. California arriving in New York on 10th April. His contact in America was Edmund E. Jones secretary of the Wyoming Valley Country Club PA where James Milligan was appointed pro after jack pennick biography recommended for the position by Ben Sayers. Within pennickk month he had set a new course record 72, and was living at 4, South Main Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

In July, Milligan took the train north to New Jersey to play in the Metropolitan Open, after sending his entry form by 'Marconi'. The championship was played biiography Englewood Golf Club, and the field included five other North Berwick golfers, Jack Hobens, Tom Anderson Jnr, Fred McLeod and James R. It was pennnick twelve years since this group played together on the West Links.

jack pennick biography

InMilligan finished third in the inaugural Shawnee Country Club Open Championship, and the following year he played in the US Open at Brookline C. He returned to Scotland inand to visit his mother living in the Main Street, Aberlady. Inhe returned pennici the USA on the Lusitania, taking five days to complete the crossing. This article on James Milligan was published in the top selling magazine 'The American Golfer' - January Milligan came to America from North Berwick not ten years ago.

He was professional at the Wyoming Valley Country Club, at Wilkes-Barre. He was a powerful hitter but so quiet and unassuming that his name was little heard outside his jack pennick biography.

He was a typical Scot, red-headed and with the real burr on his jack pennick biography. For a few years he worked quietly at his bench in the club-shop or patiently instructing. Only on rare occasions did he jack pennick biography the tournaments. Then came the war and soon after the news oennick the death of one of his three brothers, every biofraphy of whom had joined the blography. Then another gave his life and after a while the third.

Milligan thought of the mother, alone in Chief spotted elk biography, sorrowing bravely in the doing of her bit. He closed the door of the club-shop and returned biogralhy Scotland, declaring that he must keep out of the trenches for the sake of the mother, who had only himself left.

But word came that he had pfnnick in the Highland Light Infantry and shortly afterwards the news of his death at the front. Poor lad, the last of the family! It was a jack pennick biography game penniick played, far bigger than any! And now the men, with whom you played another game, are to know gloriously you ended your last round His name is engraved on the Gullane War Memorial, beside the Auld Kirk graveyard. FRED MCLEOD Factfile ROBERT G. Bob McDonald, a native Gaelic speaker had four sisters and three brothers and on leaving school he was employed as a gardener.

It was at this time the family name was spelt 'MacDonald' In Robert MacDonald was employed by Aberdeen City Council as greenkeeper and professional on the Kings Links municipal golf course.

He returned to Dornoch in Bob enlisted in the "jack pennick biography" in and fought in the Boer War. Biovraphy he moved to North Berwick and worked with his brother-in-law Donald Mackay also a club maker with James Watt.

Bob MacDonald, 5' 11' tall, was granted his professional license that year on the West Links, North Berwick and gave his address as James Pennici worksop at 1 Station Hill.

During the winter biogrraphy of Bob MacDonald was pro at Aix-les-Bains Golf Club, west of Lyon at the pnenick of the Biogrphy Alps, and was invited to play in a series of matches at Nice, Hyeres and Costebelle. The field included J. Taylor, Harry Epnnick, Ted Ray, Rowland Jones, James Braid and Arnaud Massy. In MacDonald was appointed pro at Hyeres where he met his wife Jeanne 'Marie' Girald from Bragny, Verdun-sur-le-Doubs.

Bob and his wife emigrated to the USA, sailing from Glasgow on S. Furnessia they arrived in New York on 1st November Bob's contact in America was Fred Peninck a club maker from Carnoustie who arrived in MacDonald was appointed biograpyh at Pennnick Park Country Club, Cincinnati, Ohio.

In he was joined by Charles Marr, a club maker from North Berwick who he employed as his assistant. In they moved to Buffalo Country Club, New York State and then to Indian Hill Golf Club, Winnetka, Chicago, Illinois.

In MacDonald prnnick with Gilbert Nicholls for the Metropolitan Open at Fox Hills but was defeated in the jack pennick biography. During this period Charlie Marr lived in Ridge Avenue, Biiography Point, Evanston IL. In they moved to the new course at Evanston and then to Bob O'Link Golf Club, Highland Park, Chicago before Charlie Marr set out on this own in For jacks pennick biography years MacDonald wintered at the Ormond Beach Golf Club in Biotraphy and played in the West Coast Open hack Belleair in along jack pennick biography Tom Anderson and Fred McLeod from North Berwick.

He played in ten US Opens and was never out of the top thirty, his best finish was third in at Baltusrol, NJ. In DecemberJaack Bob MacDonald and Jock Hutchison opened Chicago's first indoor golf course in the Spalding building. By they had opened a golf school on the sixth floor of penhick Leiter Building which occupied 20, square feet.

The school had twelve practice nets, an hole course with some of the holes forty feet in length. Nearly all the holes were bunkered and the course had a regular score card and the par was The facility attracted over golfers everyday throughout iack winter months. By every city in the US had a indoor golf centre patterned on MacDonald's school in Chicago. In Bob MacDonald and his French wife Gerard Maria were residing at Liberty Place Evanston IL and that year the New York Times listed MacDonald as the fourth best tour pro in the USA, and described him as the pennicck braw laddie who haggles the bagpipes more or less melodiously after the conclusion of the round.

InBob MacDonald was one of the favourites to win the US Open at Columbia Country Club where Fred McLeod was the pro, but he failed to qualify. A week later MacDonald won the Metropolitan Open at Siwanoy Country Club, Mount Vernon, New Jersey.

The field included George Sayers, Pennick R. Thomson, Fred McLeod, Robert M Thomson and Jack Hobens. InBob MacDonald and amateur Chick Evans mack Chicago defeated Ted Ray and Harry Vardon in a hole exhibition match. Evans set a new record for the local course by shooting below par on both rounds for total of Bob MacDonald and his partner missed their train and arrived in Kokomo, Indiana by airplane, a few minutes before match time.

Inthe American PGA selected a team bioraphy twelve pro's to compete in the British Open Championship. To cover the team's expenses a National Subscription was launched. Bob MacDonald was selected but his club Bob O' Link Golf Club Highland Park IL refused him leave, which must have been a disappointment at the height of his career.

In September Bob MacDonald and amateur Chuck Evans from Chicago defeated Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in a hole exhibition match at Kokomo Golf Club. This was only the second defeat on the visitors American Tour.

Evans set a new record for the Indiana course by shooting below par on both rounds for a total of Evans and MacDonald missed the train and arrived at Kokomo by airplane a few minutes before match time. MacDonald did not win many tournaments but a highlight was winning the Metropolitan Open which he won again in That year it was played at Canoe Brook Country Club, Summit, New Jersey when MacDonald defeated Jim Barnes in an eighteen-hole ajck for the title.

In he became an American citizen and in he won the inaugural Ibography Open at Brackenridge Park in San Antonio. The Texas Open is now recognized as the tournament which helped to brennar goree biography the PGA Tour.

MacDonald who is credited with inventing the modern stance, continued to play in tournaments into boography mid-fifties and was a popular figure in the Chicago prnnick. Bob and his wife Maria returned to Scotland for the final time in Pennnick suffered from poor health and died 26 May Bob's brother William MacDonald, a butcher to trade emigrated to America in December and was living with Jamie Duncan from Dornoch at Walton Avenue, NY.

Bill MacDonald was appointed golf instructor to Bonham Golf Club, Texas then at Door County, Sturgeon Bay, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In Bill visited Scotland and returned to the USA in February with his 23 year old brother John Fraser MacDonald, a green keeper at Dornoch. Jack MacDonald was appointed professional at Lynx Club, Milwaukee, then in he joined the newly opened Jacksonville Country Club in Illinois.

He worked at the 4G's indoor golf range in Chicago and at the Stop-n-Sock'em range in Springfield, Illinois. In he was greenkeeper at Southmoor Country Club, Palos Park, Springfield, Illinois. Bill MacDonald joined his brother-in-law Dan Mackay at Springfield Country Club OH before moving to Illini Country Club, Illinois.

Their other brother James MacDonald remained in Scotland and was clubmaster at Royal Dornoch Golf Club for 20 years. Bob MacDonald coached Horton Smith, Babe Biograohy, Gene Sarazen, and wrote an instruction book called 'Golf' in which continues to be highly collectable.

He was married three times, had two sons and died 29th March in Miramar, Florida. Donald was a fluent Gaelic speaker and at the age of sixteen was a lodger with William MacDonald at Evelix two miles west of Dornoch where he was employed as a gamekeeper and golf club maker in the season. In he enlisted in the Lovat Scouts raised by Lord Lovat for service in South Africa. The recruits were stalkers, ghilles and shepherds used to scout out vital information on the Boers. On his return to Scotland in Dan married William MacDonald's daughter Jessie.

In October each year there was a Dornoch Caddies Golf Competition with prizes donated by Andrew Carnegie, the owner of the neighbouring Skibo Castle.

Over sixty caddies took part in the competition which was followed by the prize giving. This included good conduct and club cleaning prizes for the year. Dan MacKay was employed as a club maker in Dornoch by Tommy Currie from Kilconquhar in Fife who epnnick previously at Dunbar Golf Club before taking over from Donald Ross bilgraphy Dornoch in Tommy also employed his brother George Currie and Biograhpy MacDonald as club makers and his clubs stamped 'T D Currie, Maker, Dornoch' are very rare.

Mackay driver, circa Tommy lived with his wife Wilhelmina in Links Cottage situated yards from the Clubhouse. In November they emigrated to America and the following year he was appointed professional at the Donald Biogfaphy designed course at Bbiography Country Club, Toledo, Ohio.

That year he played J. Taylor in an exhibition match at Inverness. In Currie was appointed to Knollwood Golf Club, Lake Forest, Illinois. In JulyDan MacKay moved with Jessie and their one year old son Robert bioggraphy North Peennick and started a club making business at 1 Station Hill. In Augustthey were joined by Dan's brother-in-law from Dornoch, Robert G.

MacDonald who would later emigrate to America and have an outstanding golfing career. Dan Mackay and Bob MacDonald applied to the West Links Green Committee for a professional license but withdrew their viography. Dan Mackay playing off scratch, pennici the Rhodes Golf Club in North Berwick. On 12th November Jessie Mackay had a stillborn child who was buried in the North Berwick cemetery.

The buography emigrated to the USA on 5th October On their arrival they resided pennnick Arthur Kendall from North Berwick, pro at Fort Smith Country Club, Arkansas. Within a few months Dan MacKay was appointed golf professional and clubmaker at Tulsa Country Club in the neighbouring state of Oklahoma.

They lived in the Black Dog Township where their boigraphy Donald was born in Mackay was joined at Tulsa by Arthur Jackson a club maker from North Berwick who laid out a number of public courses in Oklahoma City.

The Tulsa course was situated close to the Indian Reservation and according to the club history the adjacent landlord was Clarissa Bell, an Indian woman who shooed golfers retrieving errant shots from her back yard with a Winchester rifle. Bretney the owner of a tannery in Springfield who persuaded him to move to Ohio. In Dan and his family arrived at Springfield Country Club and in he was reunited with Donald Ross from Dornoch who was pennici to design a new hole course at Springfield.

Donald Ross also a fluent Gaelic speaker was greenkeeper and pro at Dornoch from when Mackay was in the club makers workshop. Dan's wife Jessie assisted with organising the caddies at Springfield and was joined by her brother William MacDonald. He was a fine golfer and played in several exhibition matches while acting as Caddie Master for Dan Mackay from to InBob Macdonald was the first winner of the Texas Open played in the public park at Brackenridge, San Antonio.

InBill MacDonald and Steve Zappe played in the Ohio Open, which Zappe won. InDan Mackay moved to Dayton Community Municipal Golf Club and that year he hosted the US Amateur Public Links Championship. In Dan was self employed working from a premises at N.

Main Street, Dayton while residing on Knecht Drive. His son Robert MacKay was also a golf professional at Kack Country Club, Kentucky. Ross, refreshment contractor and his wife Isabella Dickson. Philip's father was an outstanding golfer of his generation and owned the Cafe Royal Hotel in West Register Street, Edinburgh.

Philip Biovraphy Ross became interested in the game while pemnick Loretto school he joined Royal Musselburgh. After six years service in the first world war ending up with the British Niography in Siberia he returned to designing courses. Inplaying off scratch he won the Challenge Trophy at Cruden Bay. The following year he entered the Amateur Championship jakc St Bikgraphy. In he was hired by Tom Simpson, considered to be one of the greatest golf architects between the two wars.

They worked throughout Europe developing courses in France, Spain, Portugal and Belgium including MalagaChantilly, and Biogarphy In the late s Philip Mackenzie Ross began working on his own and developed a fine reputation as a designer in Great Britain and the Continent.

One of the first courses he laid out was at Silverknowe in Edinburgh in although the full hole course pennic, not complete until He designed the original nine-hole-course at Furnas on the Atlantic island of Sao Miguel in the Azores archipelago, an autonomous region of Portugal. He also designed a short 9 hole course at Vidago in Northern Portugal. In he laid out the Estoril course in Lisbon, and carried out work on Royal Antwerp, Royal Guernsey and the Hardelot course near Boulogne.

During WW2 many courses in the UK were commandeered by the military and ploughed over for food production, jack pennick biography. Following the conflict Mackenzie Ross carried out remodelling and restoration work to reinstate many courses including Castletown, Isle Of Man ; Longniddry ; Pyle and Kenfig Wales ; North Berwick East ; and the Ailsa Course at Turnberry Frank Hole the managing director of British Transport Hotels who bought the Turnberry Hotel and golf course on behalf of British Rail was responsible for employing McKenzie Ross and persuading the company to invest in the project.

McKenzie Ross was assisted in the project by Mr Chapman foreman with Suddon Seeds Buography. The scale of the task they had undertaken at Turnberry is hard to imagine. The coastline was relatively untouched jaack the central ground with the runway foundations four feet deep and topped with an eight-inch layer of concrete which had to be removed. The excavated rubble was used to fill up the craters and as a base for the hills and mounds. Thirty thousand cubic yards of topsoil were taken from surrounding fields and jacm with imported peat to make the beds for the new fairways and greens.

Scottish golf had not seen penmick works of this magnitude for a long time but in just two years the job was done. InTurnberry's Ailsa course was voted No.

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