Sure, people are curious, and they'll go see any provocative thing once - maybe even four or five times - but eventually they'll just stay home and watch television. Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison on May 26, at South Second Street in Winterset, Iowa. The local paper, Winterset Madisonian, reported on. Jun 16, · John Wayne () George Pollen. Loading John Wayne: The Unquiet American Biography - Duration: sinclair50 , views. I'd like to know why they make excuses for cowards who spit in the faces of the police and then run behind the judicial sob sisters.
With Jean Rogers and Ward Bond viography Conflict While working for Fox Film Corporation in bit roles, Wayne was biographu on-screen credit as "Duke Yotuube only once, in Words and Music Director Raoul Walsh saw him moving studio furniture while working as a prop boy and cast him in his first starring role in The Big Trail For his screen name, Walsh suggested "Anthony Wayne", after Revolutionary War general "Mad" Anthony Wayne.
Fox Studios chief Winfield Sheehan rejected it as sounding "too Italian". Walsh then suggested "John Wayne". Sheehan agreed, and the name was set. Wayne was not even present for the discussion.
To take advantage of the breathtaking scenery, it was filmed in two versions, a standard mm version and another in the new 70 mm Grandeur film process, using an innovative camera and lenses.
Many in the audience who saw it in Grandeur stood and cheered. However, only a handful of theaters were equipped to show the film in its widescreen process, and the effort was largely wasted. Despite being highly regarded by modern critics, the film was considered a huge box office flop at the time. He appeared in the serial The Three Musketeersan updated version of the Alexandre Dumas novel in which the protagonists were soldiers in the French Foreign Legion in then-contemporary North Africa.
He played the lead, with his name over the title, in many low-budget Poverty Row Westerns, mostly at Monogram Pictures and serials iohn Mascot Pictures Corporation. By Wayne's wayyne estimation, he appeared in about 80 of these horse operas from to He was mentored by stuntmen in riding and other Western bioraphy.
Because of Wayne's B-movie status and track record in low-budget Westerns throughout the s, Ford had difficulty getting financing for what was to be an A-budget film. After rejection by all the main studios, Ford struck a deal with independent producer Walter Wanger buography which Claire Trevor —a much bigger star at the time—received top billing.
Stagecoach was a huge critical and financial success, and Wayne became a mainstream star. Cast member Louise Platt credited Ford as saying at the time that Wayne would become waynne biggest star ever because of his appeal as the archetypal "everyman". Wayne was exempted from service due to his age, although actor Henry Fonda born two years earlier volunteered and served three years, 34 at the time of Pearl Harbor and family status, classified as 3-A family deferment.
He repeatedly wrote to John Ford saying he wanted to enlist, on one occasion inquiring whether he could get into Ford's military unit, but consistently kept postponing it until john wayne biography youtube "he finished just one or two pictures". YatesPresident of Republic, threatened Wayne a lawsuit if he walked away from his contract, : National Archives records indicate that Wayne had, in fact, made an application  to serve in the Office of Strategic Services OSSthat day's equivalent of the CIAand had been accepted within the U.
Army's allotted billet to yoytube OSS.John Wayne: The Unquiet American Biography
DonovanOSS Commander, wrote Wayne a letter informing him of his acceptance into the Field Photographic Unit, but the letter went to his estranged wife Josephine's home. She never told him about it. Donovan also issued an OSS Certificate of Service to Wayne. The following year, he appeared in his only film directed by Cecil B. DeMillethe Technicolor epic Reap the Wild Windin which he co-starred with Ray Milland and Paulette Goddard ; it was one of the rare times he played a character with questionable johns wayne biography youtube.
Indirector Robert Rossen offered the starring role of All the King's Men to Wayne. Wayne refused, believing the script to be un-American in many ways. He lost the leading role in The Gunfighter to Gregory Peck due to his refusal to work for Columbia Pictures because its chief, Harry Cohnhad mistreated him years before when he was a young contract player.
Cohn had john wayne biography youtube the project for Wayne, but Wayne's grudge was too deep, and Cohn sold the script to Twentieth Century Foxwhich
john wayne biography youtube Peck in the role Wayne badly wanted but for which he refused to bend.
His portrayal of a heroic copilot won alexander alberro biography acclaim. Wayne also portrayed aviators in Flying YotuubeFlying LeathernecksIsland in the SkyThe Wings of Eaglesand Jet Pilot He appeared in nearly two dozen of John Ford's films over twenty years, including She Wore a Yellow RibbonThe Quiet ManThe Wings of Eaglesand The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance with James Stewart: Ford's The Searchersis often considered to contain Wayne's finest and most complex performance.
Later career[ edit ] John Wayne won a Best Actor Oscar for True Grit This came 20 years after his only other nomination. Wayne was also nominated as the john wayne biography youtube of Best Picture for The Alamoone of two films he directed. The other was The Green Beretsthe only major film made during the Youtybe War to support the war. His last film was The Shootistwhose john wayne biography youtube character, J. Books, was dying of cancer—the illness to which Wayne himself succumbed three years later.
Batjacthe production company cofounded by Wayne, was named after the fictional shipping company Larry silva pipoy biography in Wake of the Red Witcha film based on the novel by Garland Roark.
A spelling error by Wayne's secretary was allowed to stand, accounting for the variation. Its best-known non-Wayne production was Seven Men From Nowwhich started the classic collaboration between director Budd Boetticher and star Randolph Scott.
In the Motion Picture Herald Top Ten Money-Making Western Stars poll, Wayne was listed in and With a total of 25 years on the list, Wayne has more appearances than any other star, surpassing Clint Eastwood 21 who is in second place. Abbie Hoffmanthe radical of the s, paid tribute to Wayne's singularity, saying, "I like Wayne's wholeness, his style. As for his politics, well—I suppose even cavemen felt a little admiration for the dinosaurs that were trying to gobble them up.
Radio work[ edit ] Like most Hollywood stars, Wayne appeared as a guest on various radio programs, such as The Hedda Hopper Show and The Louella Parsons Show.
He made a number of appearances in dramatic roles, mainly recreations for radio of his own films, on programs like Screen Directors Playhouse and Lux Radio Theatre. For six months inWayne starred in his own radio adventure series, Three Sheets to the Windproduced by film director Tay Garnett. The show was intended by Garnett to be a pilot of sorts for a film version, though the motion picture never came to fruition. No episodes of the series featuring Wayne seem to exist, though a demonstration episode with Brian Donlevy in wayen leading role does exist.
Wayne, not Donlevy, played the role throughout the series run on NBC. He was fluent in Spanish and his three wives, each of Hispanic descent, were Josephine Alicia SaenzEsperanza Baurand Pilar Pallete.
He had four children with Josephine: He had three biograpyh children with Pilar: Aissa Wayne born March biograpyy,John Ethan Wayne born February 22,and Marisa Wayne born February 22, Wayne with third wife Pilar Pallete at Knott's Berry Farm in Several of Wayne's children entered the film and television industry; Wayne's son Ethan was billed as John Ethan Wayne in a few johns wayne biography youtube, and played one of the leads in the s update of the Adam television series.
His stormiest divorce was from Esperanza Baur, a former Mexican actress. She believed that Waynne and co-star Gail Russell were having an affair, a john wayne biography youtube which both Wayne and Russell denied.
The night the film Angel and the Badman wrapped, there was the usual party for cast and crew, and Wayne came home very late. Esperanza was in a drunken rage by the time he arrived, and she attempted to shoot him as he walked through the front door. Not mine, but real hair. It is perhaps best shown in these words he had engraved on a plaque: In considering one's wanye man it's important to remember the good things We should refrain from making judgments just because a fella happens to be a dirty, rotten SOB.
He underwent successful surgery to remove his entire left lung  and four ribs. Despite efforts by his business associates to prevent him from going public with his illness for fear that it would cost him work, Wayne announced he had cancer and called on the public to get preventive examinations.
Five years later, Wayne was declared cancer-free. Wayne has been credited with coining the term "The Big C" as a euphemism for cancer.
He became a 32nd Degree Scottish Rite Mason and later joined the Al Malaikah Shrine Temple in Los Angeles. He became a member of biographyy York Rite. It was sold by his estate at his death.
Wayne's yacht, the Wild Goosewas one of his favorite possessions. He kept it docked in Newport Harbor and it was listed on the U. National Register of Historic Places in Roosevelt in the presidential election and expressed admiration for Roosevelt's successor, fellow Democratic President Harry S.
An ardent anti-communist and vocal supporter of the House Un-American Activities Committeehe made Big Jim McLain "john wayne biography youtube" himself as a HUAC to demonstrate his support for the cause of anti-communism. Declassified Soviet documents reveal that, despite being a fan of Wayne's movies, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin contemplated assassination of Wayne for his frequently espoused anti-communist politics.
Kennedy won the election: He declined, joking that he did not believe the public would seriously bioggraphy an actor in the White House. Instead, he supported his friend Ronald Reagan 's runs for Governor of California wqyne and He was asked to be the running mate for Democratic Alabama Governor George Wallace inbut he rejected the offer  and actively campaigned for Richard Nixon ;  Wayne addressed the Republican National Convention on its john wayne biography youtube day in August For a while, he was also a member of the anti-communist John Birch Society.
Wayne was a close friend of the late Panamanian john wayne biography youtube Omar Torrijos Herreraand Wayne's first wife, Josephine, was a native of Panama. His support of the treaty brought him john wayne biography youtube mail for the first time in his life. Wayne expressed his support for the Vietnam War, : I believe in white supremacyuntil the blacks are educated to a point of responsibility.
I don't believe giving authority and positions of leadership and judgment to irresponsible people I don't feel we did wrong in taking this great country away from [the Native Americans] Our so-called stealing of this country from them was just a matter of survival. There john wayne biography youtube great numbers of people who needed new land, and the Indians were selfishly trying to keep it for themselves.
I know all about that. In the late Twenties, when I was a sophomore at USC, I was a socialist myself—but not when I joyn. The average college kid idealistically wishes everybody could have ice cream and cake for every meal. But as he youtub older and gives more thought to his and his fellow man's responsibilities, he finds that it can't work out that way—that some people just won't carry their load I believe in welfare—a welfare work program.
I don't think a fella should be able to sit on his backside and receive welfare. I'd like to know why well-educated idiots keep apologizing for lazy and complaining people who think the world owes them a living.
I'd like to know why they make excuses for cowards who spit in the faces of the police and then run behind the judicial sob sisters. I can't understand these people who carry placards to save the life of some criminal, yet have no thought for the innocent victim. Comes into us at midnight very clean. It's perfect when it arrives and it puts itself in our hands. It hopes we've learned something from yesterday.
George, Utah91 developed some form of cancer at various times, including stars Wayne, Susan Haywardand Agnes Mooreheadand director Dick Powell. The film was shot in southwestern Utaheast of and generally downwind from the site of recent U. Government nuclear weapons tests in southeastern Nevada. Many contend that radioactive fallout from these tests contaminated the film location and poisoned the film crew working there.