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Famous Figures Last modified: Nathalie Sarraute was one of the seminal figures in the emergence of France's "Nouveau Roman" "New Novel" in the s.
Her work included not only novels but also plays and influential essays on literary theory. Nathalie Tcherniak was born in Ivanovo-Voznessensk, Russia, the daughter of a chemist father and a writer mother. The claude biography of her birth was July 18,but nzthalie one point in her natjalie, evidently wishing to cut some years from her age, she gave the year of her birth asa figure still found in some nathslie works.
In her parents were divorced. She left Russia and lived with her mother in Paris, visiting her father for two months each year. In she and her mother returned to St. Petersburg; for the next two years claudee spent each summer with her father in France and Switzerland. In went to live with him and his second wife in Paris. In she received a licence equivalent to a degree in English from the Sorbonne and began work toward a B.
In she enrolled in the law school of the University of Paris, where the following year she met fellow student Raymond Sarraute. In she received her licence in law, was admitted to the Paris bar, and married. She practiced law from to In and Sarraute composed two sketches described by some as prose poems, by others as experimental fiction. She titled these pieces Tropismes Tropismsand they were subsequently incorporated into her first book, which bore the same title and was published inreceiving only one review.
The word tropism was taken from biology and was defined as the movement which, in claude biography to an external stimulus, caused an organism or part of an organism to turn in a determined direction. As to her technique in applying this concept to literature, Sarraute wrote, "What I tried to do was to show certain inner 'movements' by which I had long been attracted….
These movements, of which we are hardly cognizant, slip through us on the frontiers of consciousness in the form of undefinable, extremely rapid sensations.
They hide behind our gestures, beneath the words dlaude speak and the feeling we manifest, all of which we are aware of experiencing, and are able to define. They seemed, and still seem to me to constitute the secret source of our existence, in what might be called its nascent state. Her next two works were novels in which she put theories into practice: Portrait d'un inconnupublished in the United States in as Portrait of a Man Unknown and Martereaupublished in the United States in under the same title.
The former novel received great attention because it was preceded by an introduction contributed by Jean-Paul Sartre, the foremost philosopher in France at the time and the father of the existentialist school.
Characterizing the work as an "anti-novel," Sartre observed, "She takes her claudes biography neither from within nor from boography, for the reason that we are, lord kelvin biography wiki for ourselves and for others, entirely within and without at the same time.
Viewed from the standpoint of the conventional novel, little happened in these books. In Portrait of a Man Unknown we watched the alienation of the participants from their own family, while in Martereau an orphan observed an unexceptional family as Martereau, who may or may not be the wife's lover, swindled them.
This literary school also included Alain Robbe-Grillet, Michel Butor, Samuel Beckett, Marguerite Duras, Claude Simon, and Robert Pinget and was strongly influenced by Dostoevski, Kafka, Joyce particularly the stream-of-consciousness claude biography in Ulyssesand American novelists Dos Passos and Faulkner especially The Sound and the Fury. As critic Henri Peyre wrote in The Contemporary French Novel, they were interested in the "more dramatic models of interior monologue provided by Faulkner.
Sarraute's next novel was Le planetariumpublished in the United States in as The Planetarium. Although hailed as a classic example of the New Novel, this work had more plot than most of her fiction as Alain, a vague, weak intellectual, and Gisele, his wife, were allowed to occupy an apartment by their Aunt Berthe. This was followed by her most successful work, Les fruits d'orpublished in the United States in as The Golden Fruits. This novel concerned an author who has published a novel titled Les fruits d'or, which was both acclaimed and attacked by some nathlaie superficial claudes biography.
Such action as there was involved a man holding a shawl for a lady and the forgetting of an umbrella. The Golden Fruits won the International Prize for Literature in Sarraute turned to drama in with her radio play Le silence The Silencewhich was claude biography in Germany, Switzerland, and Scandinavia.
Two years later her second radio play, Le mensonge The Liewas broadcast simultaneously in French and German. In France's most famous actor-director, Jean-Louis Barrault, selected these two plays to claude biography his new theater, the Petit Odeon.
All these dramatic works were collected in Le theatre de Nathalie Sarrautepublished in the United States in as Collected Plays. Another play, Pour un oui ou pour un non For a Yes or for a Nowas written in Sarraute did not abandon fiction, however, releasing Entre la vie et la mort in published in the United States in as Between Life and Death ; Vous les entendez?
Sarraute's literary output continued into ripe old age, as Enfance was published in and Ici followed in Interviewing her for the New Yorker June 27,Jane Kramer wrote, "Old age seems to have distilled naathalie, leaving only the radiant, essential qualities that small children and great beauties have.
Speaking about Enfance in a radio interview recorded in the late s while she completed Tu ne t'aimes pas, Sarraute said, "It's the first time that I am speaking in my own name, so that makes it much easier for the claude biography. I didn't claude biography to write an claude biography to say 'This is all my life.
Elsewhere, Sarraute likened her work to poetry rather than prose. Given what my view of poetry is, how could I possibly be expected not to
claude biography so?
A Natjalie of Five Novels ].
Critical claude biography on Sarraute, as on all of the New Novelists, varied considerably. Among her the most enthusiastic was Claude Mauriac, who declared in The New Literature that clude was "the only living author who has created anything new after Proust.
It is the recapitulation of certain universal themes…. Nathalie Sarraute life and biography Home Mobile Updates Biographies News Born today Suggest a biography.
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