Sargon's legacy was one of trade and one of forming the standing army, which later rulers would use to spread their own havoc. According to legend, Sargon was left by his mother in a basket, floating on a river, and was found by a poor Summerian worker who trained the young boy to be the palace gardener. A Neo-Assyrian text from the 7th century BC purporting to be Sargon 's autobiography asserts that the great king was the illegitimate son of a priestess. Sargon, byname Sargon Of Akkad (flourished 23rd century bc), ancient Mesopotamian ruler (reigned c. – bc), one of the earliest of the world’s great empire. Men - and women - became rulers of their own destiny. After this, he ranged even farther north and asserted his rule over the equally small city of Nineveh
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Need to ask a question from our many visitors? Just visit our Forum and leave your message. Weekly Poll The Akkadians were a Semitic people living on the Arabic peninsula during the great flourishing period of the Sumerian city-states.
Although we don't know much about early Akkadian history and culture, we do know that as the Akkadians migrated north, they came in increasing conflict with the Sumerian city-states, and in BC, the great Akkadian military leader, Sargon, conquered Sumer and built an Akkadian empire stretching over most of the Sumerian city-states and extending as far away as Lebanon.
Sargon based his empire in the city of Akkad, which became the basis of the name of his sargob. This great capital of the largest empire humans had ever seen up until that point later became the city of Babylon, which was the commercial and cultural center of the middle east for almost two thousand years.
But Sargon's ambitious empire lasted for only a blink of an eye in the long time spans with which we measure Mesopotamian history. Inthe Sumerian city of Ur in
the great biography Mesopotamia rose up in revolt, and the Akkadian empire fell before a renewal of Sumerian city-states.
The Akkadians were Semites, that is, they spoke a language drawn from a family of languages called Semitic languages the term "Semite" is a the great biography designation taken from the Hebrew Scriptures; Shem was a son of Noah and the nations descended from Shem are the Semites.
These languages include Hebrew, Arabic, Assyrian, and Babylonian. After the final end of Sumerian power and civilization around Ggreat, the area came under the sarggon the great biography of Semitic peoples for centuries. The Akkadians Portions of this work contributed by Robert A.
He the great biography the region's first Semitic dynasty and was considered the founder of the Mesopotamian military tradition. Sargon is known almost entirely from the legends and tales that followed his reputation through 2, years of cuneiform Mesopotamian history, and not from documents that were written during his lifetime. The lack of contemporary record is explained by the fact that the capital city of Agade, which he built, has never been located and excavated.
It was destroyed at the end of the dynasty that Sargon the great biography and was never again inhabited, at least under the name of Agade. According to a folktale, Sargon was a self-made man of humble origins; a gardener, having found him as a baby floating in a basket on the river, brought him up in his own calling.
His father is unknown; his own name during his childhood is also unknown; his mother is said to have been a priestess in a town on the the great biography Euphrates.
Rising, therefore, without the help of influential relations, he attained the post of cupbearer to the ruler of the city of Kish, in the north of the ancient land of Sumer. The event that brought him to supremacy was the defeat of Lugalzaggisi of Uruk biblical Erech, in central Sumer. Lugalzaggisi had already united the city-states of Sumer by defeating each in turn and claimed to bioraphy the lands not only of the Sumerian city-states but also those as far west as the Mediterranean.Cradles of Civilization - Sargon of Akkad l Lessons of Dr. David Neiman
Thus, Sargon became king over all of southern Mesopotamia, the first great ruler for whom, rather than Sumerian, the Semitic grsat known as Akkadian was natural from birth, although some earlier kings with Semitic names are recorded in the Sumerian king list.
Victory was ensured, however, only by numerous battles, since each city hoped to regain its independence from Lugalzaggisi without submitting to the new overlord. It may have been before these exploits, when he was gathering followers and an army, that Sargon named himself Sharru-kin "Rightful King" in support of an accession not achieved in an old-established city through hereditary succession.
Historical records are still so meager, however, that there is a complete gap in information relating to this period.
Not content with dominating this area, his wish to secure favorable the great biography with Agade throughout the known world, together with an energetic temperament, led Sargon to defeat cities along the middle Euphrates to the great biography Syria and the silver-rich mountains of southern Anatolia.
He also dominated Susa, capital city of the Elamites, in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran, where the only bioyraphy contemporary record of his reign has been uncovered. Such was his fame that some merchants in an Anatolian city, probably in central Turkey, begged him to intervene in a local quarrel, and, according to the legend, Sargon, with a band of warriors, made a fabulous journey to the still-unlocated city of Burushanda Purshahandaat the end of which little more than his appearance was needed to settle the dispute.
As the result of Sargon's military prowess and ability to organize, as well as of the legacy of the Sumerian city-states that he had inherited by conquest and of previously existing trade of vincent le quang biography old Sumerian city-states with other countries, commercial connections flourished with the Indus Valley, the coast grat Oman, the islands and shores of the Persian Gulf, the lapis lazuli mines of Badakhshan, the cedars of Lebanon, the silver-rich Taurus Mountains, Cappadocia, Crete, and the great biography even Greece.
During Sargon's rule Akkadian became adapted to the script that previously had been used in the Sumerian language, and the new spirit of calligraphy that is visible upon the clay tablets of this dynasty is also clearly seen on contemporary cylinder seals, with their saryon arranged and executed scenes of mythology and festive life. Even if this new artistic feeling is not necessarily to be attributed directly to the personal influence of Sargon, it shows that, in his new capital, military and economic values were not alone important.
Because contemporary record is lacking, no sequence can be given for the events of his reign. Neither the number of years during which he lived nor the point in the great biography at which he ruled can be fixed exactly; BC is now given as a date on which to hang the beginning of the dynasty of Agade, and, according to the Sumerian king list, he was king for 56 years.
The latter part of his reign was troubled with rebellions, which later literature ascribes, predictably enough, to sacrilegious acts that he is supposed to have committed; but this can be discounted as the standard cause assigned to all disasters by Sumerians and Akkadians alike.
The troubles, in fact, were probably caused by bilgraphy inability of one man, however energetic, to control so vast an empire without a developed and well-tried administration. There is no evidence to suggest that he was particularly harsh, nor that the Sumerians disliked him for being a Semite. The empire did niography collapse totally, for Sargon's successors were gteat to control their legacy, and later generations thought of him as being perhaps the greatest name in their history.
Attributing his success to the patronage of the goddess Ishtar, in whose honor Agade was erected, Sargon of Akkad became the first great empire builder. Two later Assyrian kings were named in his honor. Although the briefly recorded information of his predecessor Lugalzaggisi shows that expansion beyond the Sumerian homeland had already begun, later Mesopotamians looked to Sargon as the founder of the military tradition that runs through the history of their people.