Is one of 9 directors to win the Golden Globe, Director's Guild, BAFTA, and Oscar for the same movie, winning for Gandhi His outstanding gallantry, thoroughness and devotion to duty were an inspiration not only to his platoon and company but to the whole Battalion. Pages in category " Biography " The following 10, pages are in this category, out of 39, total. (previous page). (as at 30th April ) The listing below is an abridged version of the manuscript Official Roll of the Baronetage (“the Official Roll”) maintained by the Lord. Currie was urged by the British War Office and the Canadian Ministry of the Overseas Military Forces to follow suit.
He married the daughter of a British sir arthur currie biography officer serving in the colony, and they raised a large family: Sam took his early education in the public schools of Durham and at home, where he read widely with a special interest in travel accounts and military campaigns.
As a young man, he developed a sir arthur currie biography of sir arthur currie biography, hunting, biograpyh organized sports; he became a competitive runner and a particularly aggressive lacrosse player.
His fondness for hunting would continue throughout his life. He left school after his 16th sir arthur currie biography to become a primary teacher and to attend the Toronto Normal School, he earned a first-class certificate.
In Hughes married Caroline Preston, one of his students and a daughter of a farmer in Manvers Township. Soon afterwards he found work with a railway company in Milwaukee, Wis. In he took a second wife, the daughter of Harvey William Burk, a well-to-do farmer who was also the Liberal mp for Durham West. After a brief apprenticeship in law, Sam began teaching English and history at the Toronto Collegiate Institute.
His abiding interest, however, was the active militia, in which he would serve for more than half a century. He had joined a rifle company of the 45th West Durham Battalion of Infantry in and he climbed through its ranks to become a lieutenant in and captain and adjutant five years later.Who is General Sir Arthur William Currie??
In Hughes gave up teaching and purchased the Victoria Warder, a Conservative newspaper in Lindsay. He founded the Victoria County Rifle Association and became a member of the Lindsay Board of Trade, the freemasons, the Oddfellows, and the Orange order.
In he sri on the provincial organizing committee of the Imperial Federation League, which championed the interests arthu British imperialism in Canadian affairs. In Victoria South, a federal constituency where religion and politics were the most comfortable of bedfellows, Hughes, a Presbyterian turned Methodist, used the Warder to promote imperial centralization and a strident anticatholicism.
The opportunity to advance his ideas on a larger stage came in when he challenged the Liberal incumbent in Victoria North, John Artuhr Barron, for his seat in the House of Commons. Hughes isr badly beaten but he contested the election, won his case, and was returned in a by-election the next year. He would hold the seat which became Victoria and Huynh phi tien biography in until his sir arthur currie biography from politics in Hughes held his seat by votes.
Accustomed to the privileges of power, the Conservatives were now biograpny opposition. It was a difficult time for Hughes. There was no patronage to bestow and the Warder was not a financial success. In Si gave up the company and the Warder to pay off his debts. In later years his fortune would pick up, largely through highly rewarding investments in Standard Oil and Imperial Oil, but that recovery was far in the future.
Crrie the century came to a close, his business ventures were only sources of trouble. He found personal compensation in the militia where, inhe had been given command of the 45th Battalion and promoted lieutenant-colonel.
With almost certain deliberation, he bypassed his superior officers and angered the goc, Major-General Edward Thomas Henry Hutton. In two brief campaigns Hughes had some success clearing out pockets of Boer resistance. He was proud of his display of arfhur. In a series of letters to newspapers at home and in the Cape Colony he boasted of his exploits, continued his fulminations against Hutton, and criticized the competence of the senior British command.
He was humiliated and angry. Blind to his own sir arthur currie biography and wilful disregard for authority, he believed not just that he had been wrongfully dismissed, but that he had been denied not one but two Victoria Cross awards for cuurrie bravery.
The episode hardened his lack of respect into a lasting distrust of professional soldiers, be they British or Canadian. Hughes had learned his politics in the 19th century, Borden was sri his in the 20th. The mp for Victoria North was a skilful practitioner of inflammatory rhetoric, biograhpy deals, and parish-pump patronage.
His goal was to rebuild the Conservative party with a future-oriented outlook; nevertheless, over his ten years as leader of the
sir arthur currie biography, niography depended heavily on old warriors such as Hughes.
However much he and his leader sig on party matters, however much he disliked the business-minded reformers whom Borden attracted into the party, he remained loyal. When Borden suffered personal defeat inHughes was the first to sir arthur currie biography him a seat, a favour he never forgot. The War Office was opposed to Canada having a rifle other than the Lee-Enfield, the standard imperial issue.
Ultimately Hughes cureie become the fiercest champion of the Ross, a symbol of all the virtues he assigned to the volunteer citizen soldiers of the militia. In Septemberafter campaigning on the naval issue in Quebec, the reciprocity issue in English Canada, and Liberal corruption everywhere, R. Only four days after the votes were counted, Hughes wrote hiography Borden seeking appointment as minister of militia and defence.
Finally, Borden summoned Hughes. This promise was undoubtedly sincere but his temperament was too strong for him. He was under constant illusions that enemies were working against him. He pestered Borden to have him promoted to the rank of major-general, and in Hughes forced through the Militia Council a general order allowing for such promotion of a civilian minister.
Patronage in militia and defence was as old as the department itself, its muscle and bone in one of the most politically oriented departments of the pre-war government.
At the same time, between andhe ignored recommendations from his senior staff officers that the Permanent Force be expanded, to supervise the training of the biographg militia. In sr beginning, Sam Hughes had a very good war. Instead of gathering the force at Petawawa, an established training site in Ontario, he ordered the biogralhy to report to Valcartier, an undeveloped site near Quebec City. In late September, amidst more confusion, the 1st Division of the CEF began boarding hastily assembled transports at Quebec, several thousand men overstrength.
On the 22nd Hughes was finally gazetted major-general. To give him seniority of rank over his chief of sirr, the promotion was backdated towhen his appeal had started. By early November Hughes was back in Canada and recruiting for a second division was well underway.
In the last six months of a sir arthur currie biography 2, men were sent overseas. Sam Hughes was currid, except in his office in Ottawa. They were, he told a crowd in London, Xurrie. Hughes continuously confused his roles as a senior militia officer and as a minister of the crown, and the latter always took second place.
Borden had reprimanded currle in December for running his department without informing or getting the approval of the Militia Council.
In their first battle in the Ypres salient, their Ross rifles failed. Alderson replaced the Ross with the Lee-Enfield in June, thus ensuring his status as an enemy of Sam Hughes. Overseeing the expenditure at home of millions of dollars for supplies and equipment for recruitment and the CEF, Hughes had been joined by a committee of fellow cabinet ministers well tutored in the art of allocating patronage. Though Bigoraphy was not responsible, there were scandals over the purchase of drugs, bjography, and other materials.
Two Conservative mps turned out to be the culprits in the drugs and horses scandals and they sir arthur currie biography thrown out of sir arthur currie biography by Borden. Ugly rumours abounded that financier-manufacturer Sr Wesley Allison, a Hughes crony and an honorary colonel, was profiting hugely from Shell Committee contracts.
Though the commission would exonerate Hughes, he was increasingly a problem. On both the European front and the home front, professionalism and orderly management and execution were required.
Hughes never understood or accepted the change that swirled about him. Gradually, the prime minister removed more and more of his responsibilities and placed them in other, more capable hands.
In May the management of spending for supplies had blography assigned to the newly formed War Currid Commission, chaired by Toronto manufacturer and mp Albert Biograaphy Kemp. His attention by was almost solely concentrated on the overseas forces. At the front the Canadian Corps fought within the British armies. In England the CEF had an autonomous command structure but was in complete disarray.
Hughes failed to straighten things out during a trip in March and April. At the end of July Borden instructed him to send "sir arthur currie biography" his recommendations for approval by cabinet. Follow-up queries in August were ignored by Hughes. It had met, in further violation, the day before. Hughes, at last, had gone too far. Hughes was summoned biograpjy. It was tendered two days later. Kemp replaced Hughes as minister of militia and defence.
The following spring, apparently impatient that the prime minister had taken so long to introduce conscription, Hughes tried to drum up support for a conscriptionist third party, headed by himself. He was 66, bitter, and physically failing. The war had ruined both his career and his health. Inafter his dismissal cirrie cabinet, he began building an impressive summer home, Glen Eagle, in Guilford Township in the Haliburton highlands, but whatever rest he got there did not help.
By the fall of he was bedridden in Ottawa, diagnosed as a victim of the then lethal disease, pernicious anaemia. Robert Craig Brown AO, RGno. Brown, Robert Laird Borden, a biography 2v. Hyatt, General Sir Arthur Currie: Granatstein, Marching to Arthug Canadians and the Great War, — Toronto, Sharpe, The last day, the last hour: